Series-2 (March 2021)March 2021 Issue Statistics
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ABSTRACT: Forty Pasundan heifers were used in this study to know the reproductive performance of Pasundan cattle after being induced by prostaglandin hormone (PGF2α) and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). Experimental cows in each region were divided into 2 groups, namely group 1. A total of 10 experimental cows were vigorously synchronized using a combination of prostaglandin hormones (PGF2α, dinoprosttromethamine) at a dose of 5 ml/head intramuscularly 2 (two) times with an interval of 11 days. Group 2. The treatment was the same as in group 1, but on the 9th day, 2.5 ml /head of gonadotropin realizing hormone (GnRH, gonadorelin) was injected intramuscularly, to uniform fertility conditions and increase fertility. Cows in heat are immediately.
Keywords: Pasundan Cows, Synchronization of estrus, Reproductive performance
. Adewuyil, A.A, E. Gruysi, and F.J.C.M. Eerdenburg. 2005. Non esterified fatty acids (NEFA) in dairy cattle. A 51 review. Vet Quarterly, 27(3): 117-126
. Ahmed, B.M.S., U. Younas, T. O. Asar, S. Dikmen, P. J. Hansen, and G. E. Dahl.2017. Cows exposed to heat stress during fetal life exhibit improved thermal tolerance. J. Anim. Sci. 95:3497–3503.
. Budiyanto A. 2012. Peningkatantingkatkebuntin- gandankelahiransapi di Indonesia danmasalah- masalah yang terkait.seminar Updating Penya- kit GangguanReproduksidanPenanganannyapadaRuminansiaBesar, 8 Maret 2012.
. Boland, M.P., Lonergan, P. and Callaghan, D.O. (2001). Effect of nutrtion on endocrine parameters, ovarian physiology, and oocyte and embryo development.Theriogenology, 55: 1323-1340.
. Gaughan, J.B, T.L. Mader, S.M. Holt, G.L. Hahn and B.A. Young. 2002. Review of current assessment of cattle and microclimate during periods of high heat load. Asian-Aus J Anim Sci. 24: 77-80.
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ABSTRACT: Fish and fisheries are excellent sources of nutrients to humans and animals and also serve as routes of zoonoses of great public concern. As a result of the role of fish in meeting the protein demand of consumers especially in rural areas, information on the parasites of fish becomes particularly important. This study aimed at determining the prevalence of gastrointestinal helminthes in Synodontis schall harvested from Otuogori River in Ogbia Local Government Area, Bayelsa State. Forty (40) samples of S. schall were collected and examined in the laboratory using standard procedures. Out of this population, a total of 4 S. schall were positive to various intestinal helminthes, giving an overall prevalence of 10%. Three (3) helminth parasites; Diphyllobothrium spp. (50%), Capillaria philippinensis (25%) and Contracaecum species (25%) were recovered. Female fishes, 3 (15%), were more infected than male.......
Key words: Fish, Synodontis, gastrointestinal, helminthes, Bayelsa
. Dorny, P., Praet, N., Deckers, N. and Gabriel, S. 2009. Emerging food-borne parasites. Veterinary Parasitology, 163:196-206.
. Shinn, A. P., Pratoomyot, J., Bron, J. E., Paladini, G., Brooker, E. E. and Brooker, A. J. 2015. Economic costs of protistan and metazoan parasites to global mariculture. Parasitology, 142: 196–270.
. Bakke, T. A., Cable, J. and Harris, P. D. 2007. The biology of Gyrodactylid monogeneans: "the Russian-doll killers". Advanced Parasitology, 64: 161–218.
. Sikoki, F. D., Nzeako, S. and Nchege, B. 2013. Evaluation of Nematode Parasitemia in Oreochromis niloticus from Lower New Calabar River, Port Harcourt, Niger Delta, Nigeria. International Journal of Scientific Research in Environmental Sciences (IJSRES), 1(10): 263-267.
. Steffens, W. 2006. Freshwater fish - wholesome foodstuffs. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 12: 320-328.
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ABSTRACT: Despite their importance in global and regional food production, smallholder farmers' especially in agro-pastoral regions have received minimal recognition in policy, strategic frameworks and interventions. In Kenya, there has been little focus by government and interventions on agriculture for smallholder farmers in agro-pastoral regions, thus, rendering them into numerous vulnerabilities and constraints that impede their agricultural activities. This study investigated smallholder farming characteristics on household food security in West Pokot County, Kenya. Multi stage and systematic random sampling techniques were used to determine a sample size of respondents in respective locations. This study adopted an explanatory research design and employed mixed methods approach......
Key words: Influence, Smallholder, Farming, Characteristics, Food Security
. Bashangwa Mpozi, B., Musabanganji, E., Ndimanya, P., & Lebailly, P. (2015). Analysis of the adoption of passion fruit (Passiflora Edulis) in farming systems, Matongo-Burundi. Agriculture & Forestry, 61(4), 117–124.
. Beddington J, Asaduzzaman M, Clark M, Fernandez A, Guillou M, Jahn M, Erda L, Mamo T, Van Bo N, Nobre CA, Scholes R, Sharma R, Wakhungu J (2012). Achieving Food Security in the Face of Climate Change: Final Report from the Commission on Sustainable Agriculture and Climate Change. CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). 2012, Commission on Sustainable Agriculture and Climate Change, Copenhagen.
. Campbell, B.M., Thornton, P., Zougmoré, R., van Asten, P. & Lipper, L. (2014). Sustainable intensification: What is its role in climate smart agriculture? Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 8: 39-43. . Check J. & Schutt R. K. (2012). Survey research. In: J. Check, R. K. Schutt., editors. Research methods in education. Thousand Oaks, CA:: Sage Publications, 159–185.
. Creswell, J.W. & Plano Clark, V.L. (2017). Designing and conducting mixed methods research (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage..
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ABSTRACT: Yam; Dioscorea species of cropsare multivariantstaples in Nigeria and are plagued by plant parasitic nematodes (PPNs).Four species of Dioscorea; D. rotundata (white yam), D. cayenensis (yellow yam), D. alata (water yam), D. dometerum were selected to determine therelationaship between PPNsload and the nutritional status of the tubers. Proximate analyses of the tubers were carried out usingstandard scientific methods while the Bearmann's and Sieving methods were used to determine the PPNsload of the tubers. D. cayensis (38.89%) had the highest nematode load while D. dometorum(8.47%) was the least infected. PPNsload decreased as tuber depth increased (outermost layers; 77.4% and the innersmost; 0%).Scutellonema species (48.0%)was the most prevalent PPN in all.....
Key words: Dioscorea spp., nematode load,crude protien, tuber depth and reservoir hosts and agroenvironment.
. (NNC, 2006 . Abad, P., and Williamson, V. M. (2010). Plant nematode interaction: a sophisticated dialogue. In C. Escobar & C. Fenoll (Eds.), Advances in botanical research (pp. 147–192). Amsterdam: Elsevier.
. Adegbite, A., Saka, J.O., Agbaje, G.A. (2008). Survey of Plant Parasitic Nematodes Associated with yam in Ogun and Oshun States of Nigeria. Journal of Plant Protection Research, 48(4): 421-428.
. Adegbite, A.J. (2006). Survey of Plant parasitic nematodes associated with yam in Edo, Ekiti and Oya States of Nigeria. African Journal of Agriculture Research, 1(4): 125-130.
. Adesiyan, S. O., Caveness, F. E., Adeniji, M. O. and Fawole, B. (1990). Nematode pests of tropical crops. Heinemann Educational Books (Nigeria) Limited.114 pp.
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|Paper Type||:||Research Paper|
|Title||:||Heavy Metals and Parasites in African Giant Snail (Achatina achatina) from Three Communities in Ogoni, Rivers State, Nigeria|
|Authors||:||Eze, Chinwe N. || Ohanele, O. O|
ABSTRACT: African Giant snail (Achatina achatina)adelectable source of protein, good accumulator of heavy metals and a host to number of parasites was investigated to assess the parasite infestation and level of heavy metal concentration (Zn, Cr, Cd, Pb) in three communities located in Ogoni. Thirty (30) A. achatina were handpicked from June to October 2019. Their intestine, reproductive and head regions were examined for presence of parasites. The snail samples were also analysed for heavy metals. Seven types of parasites were identified and 80% of the snails examined were infected with parasites. Snails picked from Luubaara community had the highest prevalence of infection with 44% followed by Eeken with 31%, and Kaani with 25%. Cestodes where the most prevalent parasites being 67%, followed......
Key words: African giant snail (Achatina achatina), parasite infestation, heavy metals.
. Awharitoma, A. O., Ewere, E. E., Alari, P. O., Idowu, D. O. & Osowe, K. A. (2016). Assessment of Heavy Metals in African Giant Snail (Archachatina marginata) and its Parasites Collected from Three Communities in Edo State, Nigeria. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, 7(10): 793-79.
. Agbogidi, O. M., Okonta, B. C. & Ezeani, E. L. (2008). Effects of Two Edible Fruits on the Growth Performance of African Giant Land Snail (Archachatina marginata). Journal of Agriculture and Biological Science, 3 (3): 26 – 29.
. Fagbuaro, O., Oso, J.A., Edward, J.B. & Ogunleye, R.F. (2006). Nutritional status of four species of giant land snails in Nigeria. Journal of Zhejiang University Science, 7(9): 686 – 689.
. Dragos, V. N., Despina-Maria, B., Monica, H., Marian, B. & Iosif, G. (2014). Interactions among heavy metals and metallic macroelements in Roman Snail Helix pomatia. Acta mettalomica, 301: 65-71.
. Nica, D., Bura, M., Gergen, I., Moigrădean, D., Popescu, R. and Bordean, D.M. (2012). Snail survival as bioindicator of cadmium contaminated soils under semirealistic field conditions. Journal of University of Szeged, Faculty of Agriculture, 1(1): 192-198..
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|Paper Type||:||Research Paper|
|Title||:||Improvement of Rice Phenotype of M4 Sigupai Irradiated by Gamma Ray|
|Authors||:||Rahmi Aurya Bella || Efendi || Sabaruddin|
ABSTRACT:Background: Improvement of local rice phenotype characters for variety assembly, from generation to generation is the main thing in plant breeding. The purpose of this study was to determine the improvement of the characters of several M4 Sigupai genotypes resulting from gamma ray irradiation. (10) Materials and Methods: The design used in this study was a non-factorial randomized block design (RBD) with 3 replications. The treatments studied were the genotypes (G) consisting of 12 levels, namely the parent Sigupai (G0), the Mustajab National Mutant (G1) and 10 M4 Sigupai (G2-G11) with 3 replications to obtain 36 treatment units........
Key Word: Local Rice, Genotype, Agronomic
 Moin M, Bakshi A, Saha A, Dutta M, Kirti PB. Gain-of-function mutagenesis approaches in rice for functional genomics and improvement of crop productivity. Briefings in Functional Genomics 2017;16:238–47.
 BPS. Provinsi Aceh dalam Angka 2020. Aceh (ID) 2020.
 IPCC. An Assessment of Inter governmental Panel on Climate Change : Summary for policymakers 2019.
 Joshi R, Rama Prashat, Sharma PC, Singla-Pareek SL, Pareek A. Physiological characterization of gamma-ray induced mutant population of rice to facilitate biomass and yield improvement under salinity stress. Ind J Plant Physiol 2016;21:545–55. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40502-016-0264-x.
 Shehab GG, Ahmed OK, El-Beltagi HS. Effects of Various Chemical Agents for Alleviation of Drought Stress in Rice Plants (Oryza sativa L.). Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca 2010;38:139–48. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha3813627..
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ABSTRACT: This study aims to determine the effect of the biological seed treatment using indigenous rhizobacteria on nutmeg plants to control white root fungal disease. This research was conducted at the Laboratory of Seed Science and Technology, Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture and at the Laboratory Education Department of Biology, Syiah Kuala Darussalam University, Banda Aceh. The study was conducted from January 2020 to September 2020. This study used a non-factorial completely randomized design (CRD). Rhizobacterial treatment consisted of 18 isolates and one control. The variables observed included Rhizobacterial Antagonist Test against white rot fungal disease Pathogens (Multiple Culture Methods), Ability of Agents to Produce.....
Key Word : Indole Acetic Acid, Phosphate, Hydrogen Cyanide, Pathogens, Siderophore.
 Directorate General of crops. 2019. Indonesian Crops Statistics 2015-2019. [retrieved on 23 December 2019].
 One Stop Services and Investment Service. 2017. Potential and business investment opportunities for South West of Aceh. Retrievedfrom:http://www.dpmptsp.acehbaratdayakab.go.id/25uploads/PROMOSI_POTENSI_DAN_PELUANG_INVESTASI_USAHA_DALAM_KAB_ABDYA_1.pdf.[retrieved on 18 October 2019].
 Antara Aceh. 2015. Abdya wants Aceh's nutmeg center in Sumatra. Retrieved from https://aceh.antaranews.com/berita/27306/abdya-ingin-aceh-sentral-pala-di sumatra. [retrieved on 23 November 2019].
 Charles, L.B., D.B. Benny., Bruton, M.W, Marisa., R. Melinda. 1997. Phytophthora capsici zoospore infection of pepper fruit in various physical environments. Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, Nm 88003.
 Pratama, S. W. Sri-Sukamto, lis, N. Y., and Yeni, V. E. 2013. Inhibition of Growth of Cocoa Pathogenic Fungi Phytophthora palmivora by Pseudomonas fluorescens and Bacillus subtilis. Pelita Perkebunan 29 (2):120-127.
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|Paper Type||:||Research Paper|
|Title||:||Effect Of Gamma Ray Irradiation And Harvesting Age On Viability And Vigor Of M2 Mutant Rice (Oryza Sativa L)Seeds|
|Authors||:||Yulis Untari || Efendi || Sabaruddin|
ABSTRACT: This study aims to obtain genotypes and the accurate harvesting age of rice crops to increase seed viability and vigor. This research was conducted at the Experimental Garden and Seed Science and Technology Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University started from June to December 2019. This study used a Factorial Completely Randomized Design (CRD). The observed variables were viability and vigor of rice seeds, namely: potential growth rate, germination capacity, vigor index, relative growth rate, seed emergence uniformity, dry weight of normal....
Keywords: M2 mutant, rice, gamma rays, harvest age
. Warman B, Sobrizal, Irfan S, Etti S, Auzar S. 2015. Genetic improvement of local West Sumatran black rice cultivars through induction mutations. JurnalIlmiahAplikasiLiotopdanRadiasi. 11(2). 1907-0322
. BPS [BadanPusatStatistik]. Internet. 2020.Harvest and Production Area in Indonesia. http://www.bps.go.id/. (Retrieved 10-12-2020).
. Tefa, A 2017. Test the viability and vigor of rice seeds (orizasativa l.) During storage at different moisture content levels. SavanaCendana. 2(3) 48-50.
. Ichsan NC. 2006. Test of Viability and Seed Vigor of Several Rice Varieties Produced in Difference Temperaturs During Ripening Stage. J.Floratek. 2;37-47.
. Haris A, Abdullah, Bakhtiar, Subaedah, Aminah, dan J. Kamaruzzaman. 2013. Gamma Ray Radiation Mutant Rice on Lokal Aged Dwarf. Middle East Journal of Scientific Research. 15(8):1160-1164