Version-1 (Jan-Feb 2014)
- Full PDF
|Paper Type||:||Research Paper|
|Title||:||A study to assess the Effectiveness of Autogenic Relaxation on Depression among Menopausal women in rural areas at Thiruvallur district|
|Authors||:||Mrs. S. Sujithra|
Abstract: Women's reproductive events include various stages. Hormonal influence is felt at every stage. These events bring fluctuations in their mood and in some women it causes depression. Researchers had confirmed that hormones have an effect on the brain chemistry which could be an important cause of depression. The present study was undertaken to assess the effectiveness of Autogenic relaxation on depression among Menopausal Women. The study revealed that there was a statistically significant association between the effectiveness of autogenic relaxation on depression among menopausal women in the post experimental group with the type of family at the level of p<0.05.
Keywords: Autogenic relaxation, Depression,Menopausal women.
. Ann Rayes. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders.(3rd ed.) Washington D.C 55-56
. Andrea ,L. Dunn, O. Chambliss,N. (2005). Exercise treatment for depression. American Journal of preventive medicine, 28(1),1-7
. Brown .,J.P. and Gallichio .,L. (2009). Menopausal women with depression. Journal of obsterics and gynecology, 17(3), 121-123.
. Bertha celia Salazar., Gonzalea and Mary Jirovce., (2001). Womens perception of exercise and conflicting role responsibilities. International journal of nursing studies. 38(1), 45-49.
. BhargaviDavar ., (1995). Mental illness among Indian women. Economic and political weekly.11(2), 28.
. Bennie Rain Gruber., (2003). Gaps in service in the recognition and treatment of depression and suicidal ideation. Perspectives in psychiatric care. 39(4), 151-152.
. Barbara ,B., Signe ,S. (2000). Textbook of Mental health nursing, (5th ed.). Toronto: W.B Saunders.
. Baron ,A. (1995). Textbook of psychology, (3rd ed.). New Delhi: Prentice Hall publishers.
. Chedraui .,A. Guicopabia .,C. (2008). Menopausal women with depression. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 17(3), 121-123.
- Full PDF
|Paper Type||:||Research Paper|
|Title||:||Analysis of disability and pain in Computer Professionals with Neck Pain|
|Authors||:||Sandeep Kumar, Smati Sambyal, Jaspreet Vij|
Abstract: Little is known about the relationship among impairments, functional limitations, and disability concerning the cervical spine. This relationship is very important in diagnosing the cause of the disability and pain in the computer professionals. Aim: To determine the relationship between level of disability, intensity of pain and working hours in computer professionals with neck pain. Methodology: The present study is descriptive and co-relational in nature. Seventy computer professionals, symptomatic for neck pain, aged 20-40 years (mean age = 29.43 years), were included in the study. The subjects were of either sex and were having neck pain for a minimum of 4 weeks. All the subjects were assessed for the intensity of pain and level of disability using Visual Analogue Scale and Neck Disability Index respectively. Analysis and Results: Karl Pearson's Correlation Coefficient has been used for statistical analysis. The results showed a statistical significant positive correlation between level of pain and working hours (r = 0.185), level of disability and working hours (r = 0.165), as well as pain and level of disability (r =0.798). Material: Visual Analogue Scale, Neck Disability Index. Conclusion: There exists a significant relationship between level of disability and intensity of pain as well as working hours in computer professionals with neck pain.
Keywords: Neck Pain, Computer Professionals, Disability, Working hours.
. Rossignol AM, Morse EP, Summers VM, Pagnotto LD. Video display terminal use and reported health symptoms among Massachusetts clerical workers. J Occup Med 1987;29:112–8.
. Cook C, Burgess-Limerick R, Chang S. The prevalence of neck and upper extremity musculoskeletal symptoms in computer mouse users. Int J Ind Ergon 2000;26:347–56.
. Korhonen T, Ketola R, Toivonen R, et al. Work related and individual predictors for incident neck pain among office employees working with video display units. Occup Environ Med 2003;60:475–82.
. U.S. Department of Labor,(1991). Ergonomics the study work. OSHA 3125.1991; 1-19.
. Bernard, B.P.(Ed) (2001). Musculoskeletal disorsders and the workplace. Executive summary. Retrieved November 25, 2003, from http:// books.nap.edu/0309072840/html/1.html
. A.K. Sharma, S. Khera , J. Khandekar. Indian Journal of Community Medicine Vol. 31, No. 1, January - March, 2006
. Carroll LJ, Hogg-Johnson S, Coˆ te´ P, et al. Course and prognostic factors for neck pain in workers. Results of the Bone and Joint Decade 2000–2010 Task Force on Neck Pain and Its Associated Disorders. Spine 2008; 33(Suppl):S93–S100. . Nachemson A, Morris JM. In vivo measurement of intradiscal pressure. J Bone Joint Surg 1964;46A: 1077.
. Palmer KT, Cooper C, Walker-Bone K, et al. Use of keyboards and symptoms in the neck and arm: evidence from a national survey. Occup Med 2001;51:392–5.
- Full PDF
Abstract: Nursing is, by its very nature, an occupation subject to a high degree of stress. Every day the nurse confronts stark suffering, grief, and death as few other people do. Many nursing tasks are mundane and unrewarding. Many are by normal standards distasteful, even disgusting, others are often degrading; some are simply frightening.Workplace stress has long been recognised as a challenge for the nursing profession. Objectives of the study were - To determine stress and coping of nurses and to find its association with selected variables. The study population consisted of 1040 registered nurses working in selected medical college hospitals and government hospitals of Udupi and Mangalore districts. Descriptive survey design was used to conduct the study.Purposive sampling was used to select the samples. Data were gathered by administering background proforma, stress and coping questionnaires. Majority of the subjects i.e. 60.38% experience low stress, 38.46% experience moderate stress and stress was high among 1.15% of the subjects. Significant association is found between stress and professional qualification, marital status, and area of work. There is significant association between coping and marital status. There was no significant association between coping and other demographic variables. Kruskal - Wallis test computed for total years of experience (z = 21.21, p<0.001) and experience in current area (z = 11.07, p< 0.01) and coping of nurses was significant.
Key words: Coping, nurses, stress.
. Lazarus R.S, Folkman S: Stress, Appraisal, and Coping. New York: Springer;1984.
. Lambert V.A, Lambert CE, Itano J, Inouye J, Kim S, Kuniviktikul Wet al: Cross-cultural comparison of workplace stressors, ways of coping and demographic characteristics as predictors of physical and mental health among hospital nurses in Japan, Thailand, South Korea and the USA (Hawaii).International Journal of Nursing Studies.2004 , 41(6):671-84.
. Healy C, McKay M: Identifying sources of stress and job satisfaction in the nursing environment. Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing. 1999,17(2): 30-35.
. Bianchi E.R: Stress and coping among cardiovascular nurses: a survey in Brazil. Issues in Mental Health Nursing.2004, 25(7):737- 45.
. Health care Imminent Shortage of Nursing Staff: CRISIL. Available from http://www. expresshealthcare.in/200711/market04.shtml.
. Tarnow-Mordi, CH, Warden A,Shearer AJ: "Hospital Mortality in Relation to Staff Workload: A 4-Year Study in an Adult Intensive-Care Unit." Lancet.2000, 356: 185-89.
. Snelgrove S.R: Occupational stress and job satisfaction: A comparison study of health visitors, district nurses and community psychiatric nurses. Journal of Nursing Management.1998, 6(2): 97-104.
. Williams A: Job Stress, Job Satisfaction, and Intent to Leave Employment among Maternal-Child Health Nurses. Unpublished MSc Thesis, The Graduate College of Marshall University Marshall University Huntington, West Virginia 2003.
. Kane P.P: Stress causing psychosomatic illness among nurses. Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental medicine. 2009,13(1):28-32.
- Full PDF
Abstract: The Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital and Moi University sponsored HIV/AIDs; AMPATH program cares for more than 65,000 adult HIV-infected patients whom 70% are women. RH (Reproductive Health) and HIV clinics run vertically (independently), leading to increased number of hospital appointments and a reduced uptake of RH services by these women. To respond, the program integrated RH services into one of its HIV clinics.
Key words: HIV care, Integration, Reproductive health services, AMPATH.
. MOH. Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey (KAIS) 2007; 2008.
. Wools-Kaloustian K, Kimaiyo S, Diero L, et al. Viability and effectiveness of large-scale HIV treatment initiatives in sub-Saharan Africa: experience from western Kenya. Aids. Jan 2 2006; 20(1):41-48.
. Marins JR, Jamal LF, Chen SY, et al. Dramatic improvement in survival among adult Brazilian AIDS patients. Aids. Jul 25 2003;17(11):1675-1682.
. Seyler C, Anglaret X, Dakoury-Dogbo N, et al. Medium-term survival, morbidity and immunovirological evolution in HIV-infected adults receiving antiretroviral therapy, Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire. Antivir Ther. Oct 2003;8(5):385-393.
. Myer L, Morroni C, Rebe K. Prevalence and determinants of fertility intentions of HIV-infected women and men receiving antiretroviral therapy in South Africa. AIDS Patient Care STDs. Apr 2007; 21(4):278-285.
. Maier M, Andia I, Emenyonu N, et al. Antiretroviral therapy is associated with increased fertility desire, but not pregnancy or live birth, among HIV+ women in an early HIV treatment program in rural Uganda. AIDS Behav. Jun 2009;13 Suppl 1:28-37.
. Gray RH, Wawer MJ, Serwadda D, et al. Population-based study of fertility in women with HIV-1 infection in Uganda. Lancet. Jan 10 1998; 351(9096):98-103.
. Cooper D, Moodley J, Zweigenthal V, Bekker LG, Shah I, Myer L. Fertility intentions and reproductive health care needs of people living with HIV in Cape Town, South Africa: implications for integrating reproductive health and HIV care services. AIDS Behav. Jun 2009; 13 Suppl 1:38-46.
. Cooper D, Harries J, Myer L, Orner P, Bracken H, Zweigenthal V. "Life is still going on": reproductive intentions among HIV-positive women and men in South Africa. Soc Sci Med. Jul 2007;65(2):274-283.
- Full PDF
Abstract: By using Purposive sampling technique 100 diagnosed children with bronchial asthma between age group of 3-14 yrs were enrolled in the study. The tools used for data collection were semi-structured interview schedule to gather the information regarding socio-demographic profile of the subjects, knowledge, performance and practice of using the MDI. A protocol regarding right technique of using inhaler was developed in Hindi and English. An observation checklist was used to observe the steps/ technique of using MDI by the subjects.
Keywords: Patients, Skill, MDI.
. Awasthi S, Kalra E, Roy S. Prevalence and risk factors of asthma and wheeze in school-going children in Lucknow, North India. Indian Pediatr 2004; 41: 1205-10. . Sue-Hsien Chen SH, Yin TJC, Huang JL. An exploration of the skills needed for inhalation therapy in school children with asthma in Taiwan. Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immonology 2002; 89(3): 311-15. . Khassawneh BFY, MK AL Ali, K H Alzeudi, MZ Batarex, HM Alnasr. Handling out of inhaler devices in acual pulmonary practice MDI vs dry powder inhaler. Respaire. Care 2008;53: 314-15 . Chapman KR, Boulet LP, Rea R. Physician self-audit of asthma control in primary practice: the implications for implementation of guidelines. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2004; 169: A362 . Hesselink AE, Penninx BW, Wijnhoven HA, Kriegsman DM, van Eijk JT. Determinants of an incorrect inhalation technique in patients with asthma or COPD. Scand J Prim Health Care 2001; 19: 255–260. . Coady TJ, Davies HJ, Barnes P. Evaluation of a breath actuated pressurized aerosol. Clin Allergy 1976; 6: 1–6. . Epstein SW, Manning CP, Ashley MJ, Corey PN. Survey of the clinical use of pressurized aerosol inhalers. Can Med Assoc J 1979; 120: 813–816. . Coady TJ, Stewart CJ, Davies HJ. Synchronization of bronchodilator release. Practitioner 1976; 217: 273–275.
. Yoon R, Mckenzie D, Bauman A and Miles D. Controlled trial of an asthma education through computer supported education for asthma patients. BMJ 1993; 308: 568-71.
- Full PDF
|Paper Type||:||Research Paper|
|Title||:||Nutritional Status of Colorectal Cancer (CRC) Patients Undergoing Conventional Cancer Therapies|
|Authors||:||Mittu Mohan, Jidhi Elsa John|
Abstract: Conventional cancer therapies are anti-cancer therapies taken by cancer patients with a purpose to achieve ultimate cure. Nutritional status of cancer patients undergoing such cancer therapies is very crucial as they determine their quality of life during as well as after therapy. However there are some common nutritional problems that occur as a result of the disease, treatment or both. So the main nutritional goal is to prevent or reverse nutrient deficiencies, to preserve lean- body mass, to minimize nutrition related side effects and to maximize the quality of life. So the aim of the present study is to gain a better understanding on the nutritional status, food consumption anddietary pattern of the subjects undergoing various conventional cancer therapies. Therefore a survey with the aid of a well formulated interview schedule assessed the nutritional status and health of 80 colorectal cancer patients of 35-65 years from various hospitals of Thrissur and Kozhikode districts.On the basis of the salient observations made in the study, in corporation with the quantitative and qualitative data, it can be concluded that the colorectal cancer patients undergoing various conventional cancer treatment faced many health and nutrition related problems.Keywords: Colorectal Cancer (CRC), Conventional cancer therapy, Nutritional status, Dietary habits, health problems and side effects.
 Colorectal cancer, Wikipedia – The free Encyclopedia.
 Colon and rectal cancer. (2007). National Cancer Institute.
 Colorectal Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide in 2008- Summary, GLOBOCAN Cancer fact sheet: International Agency for Research on Cancer.
 Conventional, complementary and alternative therapy. (2012). Macmillan Cancer support.
 American cancer society. (2001). "Cancer of the lower gastro international tract".P.86.
 Elliot, J. (2011). "Medifocus Guide on Colorectal cancer". (800) 965 -3002.P. 16.
 Acton, A. (2011). "Nutrition disorders: advances in research and treatment". Published by scholarly editors, Atlanta.P. 37.
 Chawla, R. (2003). Practical clinical biochemistry: Methods and interpretations (New Delhi, Jaypee brother medical publishers).
- Full PDF
|Paper Type||:||Research Paper|
|Title||:||Relationship between School Quality and Students' Performance in Selected Schools of Nursing in South-Western Nigeria|
|Authors||:||Mary Idowu Edward|
Abstract: The purpose of Schools of Nursing is to produce quality nurses with knowledge and practical skills with abilities of competing in the labour market. The Nursing and Midwifery Council of Nigeria (NMCN) expectation of good performance in Nursing and Midwifery Council Qualifying Examination (NMCQE) is between 90% and 100% consistently. Disappointedly, the result of NMCFQE for the past 5 years did not reach this set standard. Some schools scored even below 50%. Different factors including school quality (SQ), educational background, intelligence, learning abilities, attitudes, among other variables influence learning outcomes. This study investigated school quality (SQ) which describes what is available in Schools of Nursing as teaching-learning resources in relation to student academic performance (SP).
Keywords: School quality, school quality indicators, students' performance, school quality indicator model.
. Achilles, C. M. 1996. Response to Eric Hanushek: Students Achieve More in Smaller Classes. Educational leadership, 76-77.
. Adelowo, E.O. 1989: The Nursing Profession in Nigeria. 2nd Ed. Lantern Books, Nigeria.
. Adeniji, I.A. 1995. Resources Availability and Utilization as Correlate of School Academic Performance in SSCE. A Case Study of Some Selected Schools in Abeokuta. Unpublished Research Project. Faculty of Education U.I. Ibadan.
. Ajayi, O. 2005. Continuous Assessment in Economics as a Yardstick of Determining the Performance of student and teacher in Lagos Stats Schools. Unpublished Research Project. Faculty of Education U.I. Ibadan.
. American Nurses Association 2000.. Standards for Nursing Education.
. Amoo, P.O. 2006 – Teaching styles as determinants of learning outcome among Student
. Level. 11(4) 300 – 302.
. Andrew, L. and Clerks, R. 2006. Discussion Paper – How and Why has Teacher Quality changed in Australia.
. Benarld, J.A. 2001. Helping Students Become Better Learner: A case Study in Teacher Education 22(3) pp.317-335.
- Full PDF
Abstract: The future of the society depends on the quality of life of the children. The nutritional status of school aged children impacts their health, cognition and subsequently their educational achievement. The present study was conducted to determine the nutritional status and dietary habits of school aged children (6-12 years) attending public (non-fee paying-NFP) and private (fee paying-FP) primary schools in Zagazig city; capital of Sharqia governorate, Egypt. Based on the World Health Organization (WHO) standard mean of Body Mass Index (BMI), obesity and overweight constituted higher percentage among students in the private school than in the public school, while underweight was high among students in the public school (18.7%) compared to students in private school (7.5%). More than half of the public school students (52.7%) complaining of short stature compared to 27.4% of the private school students. A statistically significant difference between the two studied groups regarding taking lunch meal (P-value = 0.03) and the students' preference of eating fried food (P-value = 0.00) were detected. In conclusion, there were statistically significant differences between the two studied groups regarding their Body Mass Index and daily food consumption.
Keywords: Anthropometry, Body Mass Index, Children, Dietary habits, Nutritional status, School age.
 Adegun J.A, Ajayi-Vincent O.B, and Alebiosu E.O. Differences in the nutritional status of young school children from public and private owned primary schools in Ekiti state, Nigeria. European Scientific Journal. 9(7), 2013.
 Goon, T.D, Toriola L.A, Shaw S.B, Amusa O. L, Monyeki A.M, Akinyemi O. and Alabi, A.O. anthropometrically determined nutritional status of urban primary school children in Makurdi, Nigeria. BMC Public Health. Vol. 11, 2011, 769.
 Emam S, Mostafa R, Wassef O, Mansour E, Khalaf N, Ahmed N, Alsewafy I, Ahmed Alhenawy A, and Mahmoud Z. Assessment of Nutritional Status of Some Primary School Children & Their Awareness in Slum Areas. Alexandria Journal of Pediatrics, Volume 19 (1), 2005, 113-119.
 World Health Organization. Country cooperation Strategy for WHO and Egypt 2010–2014. WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, Cairo, 2010. Available at http://www.who.int/countryfocus/cooperation_strategy/ccs_egy_en.pdf. (Accessed 25 October 2013).
 UNICEF, The State of World's Children, 2004. Available at http://www.unicef.org/sowc04/files/SOWC_O4_ eng.pdf (accessed 5 October 2012).
 Srivastava A., Mahmood S.E., Srivastava P. M., Shrotriya V. P and Kumar B. Nutritional status of school-age children - A scenario of urban slums in India. Archives of Public Health ,2012, 70:8
 Amuta, Une E., Houmsou and Soumay R. Assessment of Nutritional Status of School Children in Makurdi, Benue State. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 8, 2012, 691-694.
 Sati V. and Dahiya S. Nutritional Assessment of Rural School-Going Children (7-9 Years) of Hisar District, Haryana. 1 (7), 2012, 1:363. Doi: 10.4172/ scientificreports.363.
 Ara R, Huque SR, Adhikary M, Uddi MN, Mahmood AR, et al. Nutritional status among primary school children in a selected rural community. J Dhaka Med Coll 20, 2011, 97-101.