IOSR Journal of Computer Engineering (IOSR-JCE)

Volume 1 - Issue 4

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : A New Congestion Control Approach on TFRC Over Wired and Wireless Networks
Country : India
Authors : Amit Kumar, R.M.Sharma
: 10.9790/0661-0140108       logo
ABSTRACT : For advanced streaming applications over wired-wireless networks TCP-Friendly Rate Control (TFRC) has been widely adopted nowadays to give smooth sending rate and unceasing quality in streaming applications TFRC applies an equation-based rate control scheme. However, TFRC tends to fail in wireless environment if packet lost event was done by poor channel quality but network congestion. Therefore, TFRC not able to provide high quality-of-service for streaming applications over wired-wireless networks. In this paper, we proposed a delay based uni-directional delay jitter based TFRC with end-to-end semantic over wired-wireless networks. This scheme provide smooth sending rate and TCP friendly characteristics like standard TFRC, even it also increase the throughput by estimating the available bandwidth in wired-wireless networks with bursty nature of background traffic. Simulation results show performance improvement without intrusiveness issue and even if background traffic is bursty over wired-wireless networks.
Keywords – Bursty network Congestion Control Mechanism, Streaming applications, TCP Friendly Rate Control (TFRC), Uni Directional Delay Jitter
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Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Mobile Data availability Similarity between Cooperative Caching and Replication
Country : India
Authors : Sallam O Fageeri, Rohiza Ahmad, A.A.Mu'azu
: 10.9790/0661-0140913       logo
ABSTRACT: Mobile technology presents many inherent problems that lead to poor network connectivity, low bandwidth. To overcome poor connectivity, Mobile clients are forced to operate in disconnected and partially connected modes. This paper review a designed method which led to support data availability using data replication and data caching in mobile environment to improving the availability of data and enhancing the performance of data access for users operates in mobile environments.
Keywords: Data Caching, Data Replication, Disconnect Operation, Mobile Computing
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[8] L. Y. and G. Cao, "Supporting Cooperative Caching in Ad Hoc Networks," IEEE Trans. Mobile Computing, vol. 5, pp. 77-89, 2006.
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Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : A Practical and Comparative Study of Call Graph Construction Algorithms
Country : India
Authors : Sajad Ahmad Bhat, Dr. Jatender Singh
: 10.9790/0661-0141426       logo
ABSTRACT:A number of Call Graph construction algorithms have been designed for construction of Call Graphs for object-oriented languages. Each of the Call Graph contraction algorithms were proposed to keep in mind the improvements over previous Call Graphs in terms of precision, cost and accuracy. In object oriented languages the Call Graphs are generally contracted to represent the calling relationship between the program's methods. The Call Graph forms the bases for deducing the information about the classes and the methods that are actually invoked, this information can be used to find call sites were virtual function calls can be replaced by direct calls and inline-expansions can be put into work where ever possible. In this paper we present an empirical comparison of various well known Call Graph construction algorithms. Here we used Scoot bytecode reader as front-end to implement various Call Graph construction algorisms. In the processes Scoot bytecode reader is used to read the bytecode of a specific java program then the reachable methods are found for each invoked method. For storing information about the classes, methods, fields and statements we created our own set of data structures. Finally we tested and evaluated the developed algorithms with a variety of java benchmark programs to gather the information for the comparison of various Call Graph algorithms which is the goal of this work. We have included most of the Call Graph algorithms of popularity in this work. The main aim of the work is to consider all the dimensions of the Call Graph construction algorithms like cost, precision, memory and time requirements for its construction. The previous works has either not included all the algorithms of fame or have left some of their construction constraints untouched. This work will bring an effective empirical comparison to the front and will help to reveal that which Call Graph construction algorithm is best and when. The results in the work are mainly considered valid for java and other statically typed object-oriented languages.
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[2] David Grove and Craig Chambers. A Framework for Call Graph Construction Algorithms. ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems (TOPLAS), November 2001.
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Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : A Review on Diverse Ensemble Methods for Classification
Country : India
Authors : Prachi S. Adhvaryu, Prof. Mahesh Panchal
: 10.9790/0661-0142732       logo
Abstract : Ensemble methods for different classifiers like Bagging and Boosting which combine the decisions of multiple hypotheses are some of the strongest existing machine learning methods. The diversity of the members of an ensemble is known to be an important factor in determining its generalization error. DECORATE (Diverse Ensemble Creation by Oppositional Relabeling of Artificial Training Examples), that directly constructs diverse hypotheses using additional artificially-constructed training examples. The technique is a simple, general meta-learner that can use any strong learner as a base classifier to build diverse committees. The diverse ensembles produced by DECORATE are very effective for reducing the amount of supervision required for building accurate models. DECORATE ensembles can also be used to reduce supervision through active learning, in which the learner selects the most informative examples from a pool of unlabeled examples, such that acquiring their labels will increase the accuracy of the classifier.
KEYWORDS: Data Classification, Ensemble of classifiers Accuracy of classifier, Diversity
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Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : An Architecture to Achieve Anonymity and Traceability
Country : India
Authors : S. Reshma1, K. S. Masthan Vali
: 10.9790/0661-0143338       logo
Abstract :Anonymity has received increasing attention in the literature due to the users' awareness of their privacy nowadays. Anonymity provides protection for users to enjoy network services without being traced. On the other hand, the network authority requires conditional anonymity such that misbehaving entities in the network remain traceable. In this paper, we propose a security architecture to ensure unconditional anonymity for honest users and traceability of misbehaving users for network authorities in WMNs. The proposed architecture strives to resolve the conflicts between the anonymity and traceability objectives, in addition to guaranteeing fundamental security requirements including authentication, confidentiality, data integrity, and nonrepudiation.
Index Terms: Anonymity, traceability, pseudonym, misbehavior, revocation, wireless mesh network (WMN).
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[2] P. Kyasanur and N.H. Vaidya, "Selfish MAC Layer Misbehavior in Wireless Networks," IEEE Trans. Mobile Computing, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 502-516, Sept. 2005.
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[6] SAT: A Security Architecture Achieving Anonymity and Traceability in Wireless Mesh Networks. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON DEPENDABLE AND SECURE COMPUTING, VOL. 8, NO. 2, MARCH-APRIL 2011.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Production of Clean Fuel from Waste Biomass using Combined Dark and Photofermentation
Country : India
Authors : Hema R, Pushpa Agrawal
: 10.9790/0661-0143947       logo
Abstract-Sequential dark and photo- fermentation is a rather new approach in biological hydrogen gas production. In the present work, two-stage fermentation process consisting of dark and photo-fermentation periods was carried out in a batch reactor. The study mainly emphasized on assessing the potential of biological conversion of different substrates to hydrogen by studying various parameters like temperature, pH and cell density to achieve maximum hydrogen production. In the first stage, substrate was fermented in the dark stage using Bacillus licheniformis, Enterobacter cloacae and Halobacterium salinarum to produce acetate, CO2 and H2. The acetate produced in the first stage is fermented to H2 and CO2 by Rhodobacter sphaeroides for further hydrogen production in the second, illuminated stage. The percentage yield for Bacillus licheniformis, Enterobacter cloacae and Halobacterium salinarum using Rhodobacter sphaeroides was found to be 35.7%, 32%, and 26% respectively and process proficiency was found to be 0.2, 0.35 and 0.16 moles/kg.
Key Words: Hydrogen; Dark fermentation; Photo- fermentation; Bacillus licheniformis, Enterobacter cloacae; Halobacterium salinarum; Rhodobacter sphaeroides
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