Series-5 (Mar - Apr. 2020)Mar - Apr. 2020 Issue Statistics
- Full PDF
- Index Page
- Cover Paper
Abstract: Background:The access to safe, adequate amount per person per day and availability of Water with in premises, access to proper Sanitation and good Hygiene is the basic right of Human being. The objective of this study to find the current status of wash in village, UP, India. Methodology: In this cross-sectional study sample of 202 household selected from a village, UP, India. Sample selected through standard formula and sampling technique used multistage random sampling; questionnaire filled by researcher by asking respondent. The data analyzed through SPSS version 20. Result:Allthe household has primary source......
Key words: WASH, Health, Biological contamination, Hydrogen SulphideStrips and KherliBhavMozampur village.
. WHO. UNICEF . Post 2015 Wash Targets and Indicators. WHO; Geneva, Switzerland: UNICEF; New York, NY, USA: 2013. WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation.
. Human Rights Council Resolution Adopted by the Human Rights Council. 18/1. The Human Right to Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation. [(accessed on 29 February 2016)]. Available online:http://www.worldwatercouncil.org/fileadmin/wwc/Right_to_Water/Human_Rights_Council_Resolution_cotobre_2011.pdf.
. Hutton, G., & Chase, C. (2016). The Knowledge Base for Achieving the Sustainable Development Goal Targets on Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene. International journal of environmental research and public health, 13(6), 536. doi:10.3390/ijerph13060536
. Kumar A, Das KC. Drinking water and sanitation facility in India and its linkages with diarrhoea among children under five: evidences from recent data. Int J HumanitSocSci Invent. 2014;3:50-60.
. 4. UNICEF/WHO Joint Monitoring Programme: definitions and methods. Available: http://www.wssinfo.org/definitions-methods/. Accessed 1 December 2013.
- Full PDF
Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of early versus delayed exposure of caesarean section wound on surgical site infections and women 'comfort level. Design: Randomized controlled trial research design was utilized. Setting: The study was carried out at postnatal Unit in Al-Ostoura Obstetrical and Gynecological Private Hospital, Mansoura city, Egypt. Subjects: One hundred twenty eight women undergoing an elective cesarean section delivery achieved the inclusion criteria; were recruited in the study. The participants were randomly assigned equally into the study group (n=64 women) who underwent the early removal of wound dressing at 6-12 hour after C-Section and the control group consisted of (n=64 women) underwent delayed wound exposure at 5 days after C-Section. Tools: Data were collected by using four tools (Structured Interviewing schedule, Visual Analogue scale..........
Keywords: Early exposure, Caesarean section, Comfort level, Delayed exposure, Surgical Site infections
. Chandrasiri M.D. & Fernandopullae R.C. (2016). Comparison of surgical site infections and patients' comfort level with caesarean section wounds following early exposure versus delayed exposure. Sri Lanka Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 38(1), pp.4–11. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljog.v38i1.7784.
. Crichton, N. (2001). Information point: Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). Journal of Clinical Nursing, 10, 697-706.
. Das R.K., Subudhi T., & Mohanty R.K. (2018).The rate and indication of caesarean section in a tertiary care teaching hospital eastern India. International Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics Das RK et al. Int J Contemp Pediatr, 5 (5), 1733-1739.
. Dosseh E.K., Doleaglenou A., Fortey Y.K., & Ayite A.E. (2008). Randomized trial comparing dressing to no dressing of surgical. Wounds in a tropical setting. Journal de chirurgie, 145(2), 143-6.
- Full PDF
Abstract: Stroke is a leading cause of long-term disability in western countries causing major individual, social and economic burdens. Stroke as a disease is considered to be a chronic disease that affects physical, functional, cognitive/psychological, social, economic and spiritual functions, and leads to deep changes in the survivors' everyday life. This study therefore investigated the prediction of resilience, social support and economic status on stroke patients'quality of life in selected teaching hospitals in Ekiti State, Nigeria. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design while total enumeration sampling technique was used to select the 137 participants of this study. Four standardized questionnaires were used for data collection, which was pilot tested through test-re-test and yielded a reliability coefficient (index) of 0.83. Four research questions were tested. Analysis of data was.........
. Abubakar S. A., and Isezuo S. A. (2012): Health related quality of life of stroke survivors: experience of a stroke unit. Int. J Biomed. Sci. 8(3), 183–187.
. Ackley B., Ladwig G.B. &Kelley H. (2016).Nursing Diagnosis Handbook: an evidenced based guide to planning care (10thed.). Maryland: Mosby. Pg. 103-105
. Adedipe, V. (2016).Social relationships, personality, and anxiety during a major stressful event.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 61, pp. 440-449.
. Akinpelu A.O., Odetunde M.O., Odole A.C. (2012): Cross-cultural adaptation and initial validation of the Stroke-Specific Quality of Life Scale into the Yoruba language. Int. J Rehabil. Res. 35(4), 339-44
- Full PDF
|Paper Type||:||Research Paper|
|Title||:||A Narrative Review to Identify Risk Factors Associated With Pregnancy Complications in Young Women under the Age Of 20|
Abstract: Adolescent pregnancy has existed over the past centuries and it stills remains a significant public health problem in the world today. The aim of this paper was to identify and explore the risk factors that are associated with pregnancy complications in young women under the age of 20. In this paper, a systematic approach was used to search electronic databases for English language and human based studies from January 2000 to July 2013. Quality assessment of the included studies was assessed using the CASP and BestBETs checklists. A narrative synthesis was conducted on data extracted from included studies. A total of 832 studies were retrieved from all the databases out of which 21 studies were included for the review. The review found a significant association between the identified risk factors and pregnancy complications......
Keywords: Risk factors, Pregnancy complications, Adolescent pregnancy, narrative synthesis.
. McIntyre P. Pregnant adolescents: delivering on global promises of hope [Internet]. Geneva, Switzerland, World Health Organization [WHO], 2006.Available from: http://www.who.int/child-adolescent-health/New_Publications/ADH/ISBN_92_4_159378_4.pdf
. WHO | Adolescent pregnancy [Internet]. World Health Organisation. World Health Organization; 2012 [cited 2013 Sep 19]. Available from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs364/en/
. Pregnancy - definition of pregnancy by the Free Online Dictionary, Thesaurus and Encyclopedia. [Internet]. The Free Online Dictionary, Thesaurus and Encyclopedia. 2013 [cited 2013 Sep 20]. p. 1. Available from: http://www.thefreedictionary.com/pregnancy
. Rao KA. Textbook of Midwifery and Obstetrics for Nurses [Internet]. Elsevier India; [cited 2013 Feb 22]. p. 563–4. Available from: http://books.google.com/books?id=j34Q07SKaLwC&pgis=1
. Baker P. Teenage Pregnancy and Reproductive Health [Internet]. RCOG; 2007 [cited 2013 Feb 22]. p. 318. Available from: http://books.google.com/books?id=wN-nXmH4FooC&pgis=1
- Full PDF
Abstract: Background: One of most common chronic disease in both developed and developing countries is hypertension. Hypertension is a life-threatening condition with a global public health challenge that affects economic development of nations.Management of hypertension aimed at organ damage prevention, including stroke and heart failure, which recommend initial treatment with lifestyle modification and its inclusion irrespective of pharmacological treatment. Hence, knowledge and practice of lifestyle modification plays a significant role in the management of hypertension. Therefore the study aimed at assessing the knowledge and practice of lifestyle modification among hypertensive patients.....
Keywords: Hypertension, Knowledge, Practice, lifestyle modification, Nigeria..
. Muntner P, Carey RM, Gidding S, Jones, DW, Taler SJ, Wright JT, Whelton PK. Potential united state population impact of the 2017 ACC/AHA high blood pressure guideline. Circulation. 2018; 137(2):109.
. Joffres M, Falaschetti E, Gillespie C, Robitaille C, Loustalot F, Poulter N, Campbell N. Hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment and control in national surveys from England, the USA and Canada, and correlation with stroke and ischaemic heart disease mortality: A cross-sectional study. BMJOpen. 2013; 3:e003423.
. Lu J, Lu Y, Wang X, Li X, Linderman GC, Wu C, Jiang L. Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in China: Data from 1.7 million adults in a population-based screening study (China peace million persons project). Lancet. 2017; 390: 2549.
. World Health Organization. Global health observatory data: Raised blood pressure Situation and trends. 2018. Retrieved fromhttp://www.who.int/chp/ncd_global_status_report/en
. Akinlua JT, Meakin R, Umar AM, and Freemantle N. Current prevalence pattern of hypertension in Nigeria: A systematic review. Plos one A Peer-Reviewed: Open Access Journal. 2015; 10(10).
- Full PDF
Abstract: Background: The Pediatric Early Warning System (PEWS) has been validated for using in pediatric acute care settings for early identification of children at increased risk of physiological deterioration. Also, it can be used in caring children's post open cardiac surgery for early detection, prompt management of deteriorating domains and consequently improve their clinical outcomes. Aim: this study aimed to study the effectiveness of early warning sign's detection educational sessions for nurses on clinical outcomes of post open cardiac surgery children.Method: A quasi-experimental design was conducted on a sample of 50 nurses worked atpediatric cardiac intensive care unit (PCICU) & cardiac department of Mansoura University Children's Hospital (MUCH), with a purposive sample........
Keywords: Children's,Educational sessions, Knowledge, Nurses, Open heart surgery, Outcomes,Pediatric early warning signs andPractices
. Akre, M., Finkelstein, M., Erickson, M., Liu, M., Vanderbilt, L., & Bill man, G. (2015). Sensitivity of the pediatric early warning score to identify patient deterioration. Pediatrics; 125(4): 763-769.
. Bona fide, C. P., Roberts, K. E., We rich, C. M., Picotitic, B., Tibbetts, K. M., Keren, R., ... & Holmes, J. H. (2018). Beyond statistical prediction: qualitative evaluation of the mechanisms by which pediatric early warning scores impact patient safety. Journal of hospital medicine, 8(5), 248-253.
. Chapman, S. (2017). A systematic review of the characteristics of published pediatric early warning systems. Nursing Children and Young People , 29(7), 19.
. Douglas, K., Collude, J. C., & Keller, S. (2016). Implementation of a pediatric early warning scoring system at an academic medical center. Critical care nursing J quarterly, 39(4), 363-370.
. Duncan, H., Hutchison, J., &Parshuram, C. S. (2016).The pediatric early warning system score: A severity of illness score to predict urgent medical need in hospitalized children. Journal of Critical Care; 21(3): 271-278.
- Full PDF
|Paper Type||:||Research Paper|
|Title||:||Surgical Masks: The Hoax &the Truth|
Abstract: Surgicalmask (a.k.a. Surgical face mask/Medical mask) is one of the most commonly used personal protective equipment (PPE*) in the health care settings. Frequent epidemic outbreaks made awareness among the public regarding the importance of wearing a mask or face coverings. Though the surgical masks are widely used, a better understanding of its basic properties and usages will help anyone to make use of it properly. This article is an attempt to find out the hoax and truth regarding the surgical mask..
Keywords: Surgical mask,PPE,Epidemic.
. Chellamani KP, Veerasubramanian D, Balaji RV. Surgical face masks: manufacturing methods and classification. Journal of Academia and Industrial Research. 2013 Nov;2:320-4.
. Chen CC, Willeke K. Aerosol penetration through surgical masks. American journal of infection control. 1992 Aug 1;20(4):177-84.
. WHO;Advice on the use of masks the community, during home care and in health care settings in the context of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) outbreak; Interim guidance 29 January 2020;WHO/nCov/IPC_Masks/2020.1;1-2
. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare ,Directorate General of Health Services [Emergency Medical Relief]; Novel Corornavirus Disease (COVID-19) Guidelines on use of masks by public;Mar 9, 2020; 1-3.
. National Centre for Disease Control, DGHS, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare; Seasonal Influenza,Guidelines on use of masks for health care workers, patients and general public;25th Feb 2019;1-3.