- Full PDF
Abstract: Lead (Pb2+) is a toxic metal in the environment and could adversely alter the functions of the female reproductive hormones: follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), progesterone and prolactin (PRL) which could lead to hormonal imbalance and consequently infertility. Infertility is a global health problem and a socially destabilizing condition. This study is aimed at investigating the antioxidant effect of vitamin E and/or selenium on FSH, LH, progesterone and PRL, and malondialdehyde (MDA) in lead exposed female wistar albino rats. A total of twenty-five rats were divided randomly into five groups of six rats each. Group A served as control and were administered 10mL/kg b wt distilled water. Group B were treated only with lead and received 250mg.......
Key words: Lead Acetate, Vitamin E, Selenium, Reproductive Hormones, Oxidative stress, lipid peroxidation
. World Health Organization (2012). Endocrine disrupters and child health: possible developmental early effects of endocrine disrupters on child health. pp. 1 – 52.
. Arrais, R. F., & Dib, S. A (2006). The hypothalamus – pituitary – ovary axis and type 1 diabetes mellitus: a mini review. Journal of Human Reproduction. Vol. 21. Issue 2. pp. 327 – 337.
. Mikhael, S., Advaita, P., & Larisa, G. (2019). Hypothalamic – Pituitary – Ovarian Axis Disorders Impacting Female fertility. Biomedicine. Vol.7. Issue 5. pp. 2 – 9.
. Ronis, M.J.J, Badger T. M, & Shema S. J. (1996). Reproductive toxicity and growth effects in rats exposed to lead at different periods during development. Toxicology applied. Pharmacology. Vol. 136. pp. 101 – 120.
. Sokol, R. Z. (1987). Hormonal effects of lead in the male rat: mechanism of action. Reproduction. Vol. 37. pp. 1135 – 1138.
- Full PDF
Abstract: Background: Large quantities of spent crankcase oil are disposed into the environment in Nigeria, posing threats that affect plants, animals and human health. The bioremediation potential of Pleurotus ostreatus spent substrate was evaluated against spent crankcase oil-contaminated soil. Materials and Methods: Fixed quantities of 100 g soil samples were mixed with variable amounts of P. ostreatus spent substrate (15, 15, 30, and 60 g) for the control and Treatments (T) 1-3. Aliquots of 0, 75, 150 and 300 ml water were introduced in the treatments to guarantee the highest possible reduction in total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH). Microbiological assessment of soil samples and physicochemical assessment of the spent mushroom substrate were conducted.......
Key words: Pleurotus ostreatus, spent crankcase oil, bioremediation, hydrocarbon-utilizing fungi, hydrocarbon-utilizing bacteria, Nigeria.
. Abdulyekeen, K. A., Muhammad, I. M, S. O Giwa, Abdulsalam, S., 2016. Bioremediation of Used Motor Oil Contaminated Soil Using Elephant and Horse Dung as Stimulants. IOSR Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology (IOSR-JESTFT). ISSN: 2319-2399.Volume 10, Issue 12 Ver. II, pp 73-78.
. Adams, G. O, Tawari-Fufeyin, P. Ehinomen, I., 2014. Bioremediation of Spent Oil Contaminated Soils Using Poultry Litter. Research Journal in Engineering and Applied Sciences 3(2): 124-130.
. Adenipekun, C. O, Ogunjobi, A. A., 2011. Bioremediation of cutting fluids contaminated soil by pleurotus tuberregion. The Environmentalist; 32:11-18.
. Adeoye, A., 2007. Medical Laboratory Practice, 1st edition FEMCO Publishers Limited, Lagos, Nigeria, pp: 149-153.
. Ajoku, G. A. O., Oduola, M. K., 2013. Kinetic model of pH effect on bioremediation of crude petroleum contaminated soil. 1. Model development. Am J Chem Eng. 1(1): 6-10.
- Full PDF
Abstract: Salinityisoneofthemostbrutalenvironmentalfactorslimitingtheproductivity of crop plants because most of the crop plants are sensitive to salinity caused by high concentration accumulation of salts in the soil & the area of land affected by salinity & water logging. Its predictable here as the Rajasthan agricultural drainage research (RAJAD) project added by Canadian international development agency was introduced in 1992 to combat the problems of salinity and water logging in the Chambal command area(CCA), using horizontal sub surface drainage (SSD) technology as salinity may reduce by using some materialstoo. As we know soil properties varies with different physiochemical parameters & soil degradation, erosion, leaching leads directly or indirectly water physiochemical properties......
Key words: Salinity; Chambal Command area; Physiochemical; Leaching;
. Versa, G. Sudesh and Singh, S. (2013)Physico-chemical analysis of textile effluents ofDye and Printing clusters of Bagru region, Jaipur India. Journal ofEnvironmental Research and Development.
. V. Kumar, Jahangeer, Mishra S,(2017) "Comparative studies of soil physicalcharacteristics of Jaipur district, Rajasthan" – African Journal ofEnvironmental Science & Technology 11 (1): 45-55.
. Dev, S. Mahendra, (2012) "Small Farmers in India, Challenges and Opportunities".Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, June.
. Ku Smita Tale, Dr Sangita Ingole, (2015). A Review on Role of physio-ChemicalProperties in Soil Quality, Chem Sci Rev Lett.4(13): 57 – 66.
. Chourasia AK, Wani SP, Raghvendra S. (2013).Multiple impact of integratedwatershed management in low rainfall semi-arid region: a case study fromEastern Rajasthan, India. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 5(1):27.36..
- Full PDF
|Paper Type||:||Research Paper|
|Title||:||Physicochemical and microbial characteristics of gasoline polluted soil in Umuimo municipal in Osisioma L.G.A Abia state|
|Authors||:||Ezeani, E.U || Agbagwa, I || Ngobiri, N|
Abstract: The physicochemical and microbial properties of gasoline polluted farmland at Umuimo municipality, in Osisioma Local Government Area of Abia state, Nigeria. The investigation was insitu. The impacted farmland has less vegetation growth on it compared to areas around it that was not impacted. The physiochemical and microbial characteristics were determined at interval of 15 space days (15,30,45 days). The control sample's physicochemical average results were: Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon (TPH) 0.08mg/kg, Potassium (K) 10.26mg/kg, Nitrogen (N) 1.27mg/kg, Phosphorous (P) 3.26mg/l, pH 5.9 whereas the polluted farmland were: TPH 216.28mg/kg, K 3.78mg/kg, N 0.46mg/kg, P 1.00mg/kg, pH 6.6. Microorganisms determined in the control sample were Bacteria: Bacillus sp, Corynbacterium sp, Micrococcus whereas......
Key words: Gasoline, Physicochemical, Microbial analysis, Hydrocarbons;
. Agarry, S.E., Owabor, C.N. and Yusuf, R.O.(2010). Bioremediation of soil Artifically Contaminated with Petroleum Hydrocarbon oil mixtures: Evaluation of the Use of Animal Manure and Chemical Fertilizer. Bioremediation J. 14(4) 189-195.
. Amadi, A. and C. T. I. Odu,( 1993). Effect of simulated chemical Demulsifer (Separal NF. 36 and Servo (.6602) contamination of soil, on carbondioxide Evolution and shifts in Microbial Population in a fresh water mangrove Ecosystemm International Journal of Biochemphysics 2:1 - 2pp. 97 - 99.
. Antai, S.P.(1990) Biodegradation of Bonny light crude oil by Bacillus species and pseudomonas species. Waste management. 10: 61-64
. Atlas, R. M. 1981. Microbial Degradation of Petroleum Hydrocarbons. An Environmental Perspective. Microbial Rev. 45: 180:209.
. Bossert, I., Bartha, R.(1984) The fate of petroleum in soil ecosystems, In: R.M. Atlas(Ed) Petroleum microbiology, Macmillian, New York , 435-473
- Full PDF
|Paper Type||:||Research Paper|
|Title||:||An Overview of Nutraceuticals: A Review|
|Authors||:||Deksheka Sharma || Pragya Khanna|
Abstract: Nutraceuticals are nutritive supplements, consumed to enrich health, suspend senescence, avertinfections and ailments, and support the proper functioning of the human body. Presently, nutraceuticals are achievingconsiderableconsideration due to their nutritional and therapeutic abilities. Based on their sources, they are categorized into diverse categories. Herbal nutraceutical helps in keeping health and stimulating optimal longevity and quality of life. Various studies undertaken so far have shown encouraging results of nutraceuticals to treat numerous diseases, such as cancer, neurodegenerative disorders, cardiovascular diseases, etc. In the present review, an overview of nutraceuticals (carbohydrates, lipids, edible flowers, alkaloids, medicinal plants, etc.) and their role in health benefits, has been discussed..
Key words: Nutraceuticals, classification, traditional and non-traditional Nutraceuticals, fortified and recombinant Nutraceuticals.
. Agyemang, K., Han, L., Liu, E., Zhang, Y., Wang, T., & Gao, X. (2013). Recent advances in Astragalus membranaceus anti-diabetic research: pharmacological effects of its phytochemical constituents. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2013
. Ahmad, M. F., Ahmad, F. A., Azad, Z. A., Alam, M. S., & Ashraf, S. A. (2013). Nutraceutical is the need of hour. World J. Pharm. Pharm. Sci, 2, 2516-2525.
. Awuchi, C. G. (2019). Medicinal plants: the medical, food, and nutritional biochemistry and uses. International Journal of Advanced Academic Research, 5(11), 220-241.
. Beck, K., Conlon, C. A., Kruger, R., Coad, J., & Stonehouse, W. (2011). Gold kiwifruit consumed with an iron-fortified breakfast cereal meal improves iron status in women with low iron stores: a 16-week randomised controlled trial. British Journal of Nutrition, 105(1), 101-109.
. Borkar, N., Saurabh, S. S., Rathore, K. S., Pandit, A., & Khandelwal, K. R. (2015). An insight on nutraceuticals. Pharma News
- Full PDF
|Paper Type||:||Research Paper|
|Title||:||Heavy Metals In Livestock Land Of Chau Thanh District, Soc Trang Province, Mekong Delta - Vietnam|
|Authors||:||Tuan, T.Q. || Chou, T.Y. || Chen, M.H. || Mon, D. || Tung, L.H.|
Abstract: Background: Soil is one of the essential resources of humanity, is the place to produce products for human feeding. However, the overexploitation has polluted the soil environment. At present, the environmental status of the resource land is not fully known, especially in the Mekong Delta, in Southern Vietnam. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted on an area of 186 ha in Chau Thanh District, which is a livestock land without any government planning. A total of 38 soil samples were taken from 0 - 30 cm depth. Heavy metals such as: As, Cd, Pb, Cu, Zn were measured by using the Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry method (TCVN 8246: 2009; EPA Method.......
Key words: Heavy metals, Kriging, GIS technique, Mekong Delta
. Lu AX, Wang JH, Qin XY, Wang KY, Han P, Zhang SZ. Multivariate and geostatistical analyses of the spatial distribution and origin of heavy metals in the agricultural soils in Shunyi, Beijing, China. Science of the Total Environment. (2012). 425: 66–74.
. Hiller, E.; Lachká, L.; Jurkoviˇc, L.; Durža, O.; Fajˇc ˇ íková, K.; Vozár, J. (2016). Occurrence and distribution of selected potentially toxic elements in soil of playing sites: A case study from Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia. Environ. Earth Sci. 75, 1390.
. Zahra, A.; Hashmi, M.Z.; Malik, R.N.; Ahmed, Z. (2014). Enrichment and geo-accumulation of heavy metals and risk assessment of sediments of the Kurang Nallah - Feeding tributary of the Rawal Lake reservoir, Pakistan. Sci. Total Environ. 470–471, 925–933.
. Han FX, Banin A, Su Y, Monts DL, Plodinec JM, Kingery WL, et al. (2002). Industrial age anthropogenic inputs of heavy metals into the pedosphere.Naturwissenschafen. 89: 497-504.
. Kerry, R., Oliver, M.A., (2004). Average variograms to guide soil sampling. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation 5(4): 307-325