IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE)

National Conference on Advances in Engineering, Technology & Management [AETM'16]

Voulme 1

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Response Spectrum Analysis of Response of Building with Setbacks
Country : India
Authors : Ajay Singh Gulshan || Poonam Dhiman

Abstract: The past earthquakes have shown catastrophic effect on the buildings with irregularities. It was seen that the buildings with irregularities are more prone to earthquake then the regular building. The structure with irregularities are called irregular structures. Irregularities in a building can be due to the uneven distribution of mass, stiffness and geometry of the structure......

Keywords - Plan irregularities, vertical irregularities, setbacks

[1] BIS. "IS 1893 (Part 1)-2002: Indian Standard Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures, Part 1 – General Provisions and Buildings (Fifth Revision)", Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi
[2] S.Varadharajan, V.K. Sehgal and B.Saini , "Review of different structural irregularities in buildings",Journal of structure engineering 393 Vol. 39, No. 4, October - November 2012 Journal of Structural Engineering Vol. 39, No. 5, December 2012 - January 2013 pp. 393-418
[3] Devesh P. Soni and Bharat B. Mistry, "Qualitative review of seismic response of vertically irregular building", ISET Journal of Earthquake Technology, Technical Note, Vol. 43, No. 4, December 2006, pp. 121-132
[4] Ankesh Sharma & Biswobhanu Bhadra, (2013), "Seismic analysis and design of vertically irregular RC building frame".
[5] Dileshwar Rana, Prof. Juned Raheem (2015), "Seismic Analysis of Regular & Vertical Geometric Irregular RCC Framed Building", International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET)

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Steel-Concrete Composite Construction – New Trend in India
Country : India
Authors : D. Datta

Abstract: Presently the human civilization has entered into the fourth generation of innovation from discovery of machines in first phase, discovery of electricity in the second phase and discovery of internet in the third phase. In the present phase some innovations called disruptive innovations, have abolished the prevalent technologies and have changed the human life style radically......

KEYWORDS - composite construction, direct construction cost, life-cycle-cost, shear connectors

[1] D. Datta and S. Ghorai, "Multistoreyed Residential Building (B+G+20) Storied with Steel-Concrete Composite construction", Institute for Steel Development & Growth; Publication No.: INS/PUB/117, 2010.
[2] T.K. Bandyopadhyay, "Basic Concepts in Composite Structures", Refresher Course on Composite Construction using Structural Steel, organized by Institute for Steel Development & Growth (INSDAG) and Jadavpur University, Kolkata, 2000.
[3] R. Narayanan, "Composite Steel Structures", Advances, Design and Construction, Elsevier, Applied Science, UK, 1987.
[4] Study Report, "Steel Framed Multistoried Buildings", The Economics of Construction in the UK, CONSTRADO, (2), 1985, 3.
[5] R Narayanan, "Structural Steel Design", Teaching Resource: Volume I, II & III : INSDAG Publication prepared by IIT Madras, Anna University and Structural Engineering Research Centre (SERC), Chennai..
Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Analysis of Causal Factors of Accidents near Mahipalpur Junction on NH-8 in Delhi
Country : India
Authors : Nirpinder Jain || Bharat Bhushan Jindal

Abstract: Road accidents cause more than 1,35,000 deaths in India every year which is higher than any other country in the world. Increasing motorization without adequate institutional mechanism is a major cause of this problem. Although, the number of fatalities caused by road accidents in Delhi has been declining over the years, but the situation is still alarming. In this paper a study has been carried out on road accident data of Mahipalpur junction, an entry point to T-3 Airport in Delhi........

Keywords -Black Spot, Accident, Road Users

[1] Kadiyali L.R and N.B Lal "Principles of Highway Engineering", 4th edition Khanna Publishers, Delhi 2006.
[2] Sikka Sushant (2014), "Prediction of Road Accidents in Delhi using Back Propagation Neural Network Model", IJCSET
[3] Dr. SSSV Gopala Raju, Apparao. G, P. Mallikarjunareddy (2013), "Identification Of Accident Black Spots For National Highway Using GIS", International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research Volume 2, Issue 2, February 2013.
[4] Dr Parida M, P.K Singh, Dr S.S Jain (2011), " Road Safety Audit for Four Lane National Highways", 3rd International Conference on Road Safety and Simulation, Indianapolis, US

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Synthesis and Charecterization of Nano Crystalline MoO3-TiO2 Composite Thin Films by Liquid Phase Deposition Technique for Photodegradation Studies
Country : India
Authors : H.M Parveez Ahmed Nishath Tharanum S || Noor Shahina Begum

Abstract: The composite compound films will have excellent color tone characteristics, glass characteristics, wear resistance and peel strength to be useful as decorative films on various substrates, visible light photochromic material for smart windows and display devices, as visible light photo catalysts for the degradation of organic dye in water, etc. Hence, to study photocatalytic properties of these materials, MoO3–TiO2 composite thin films were prepared at different composition by simple LPD.....

Keywords – Composites, LPD Technique, MoO3- TiO2, Photo degradation, thin films

[1] Brinda, L., K.S. Rajan, and J.B.B. Rayappan, "Journal of Applied Sciences",p. 1778-1780, Volume:12(16),2012.

[2] Y. Ashok Kumar Reddy, In-ku Kang, Young Bong Shin, Hee Chul Lee, P. Sreedhara Reddy, "Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing" p.107,2014.
[3] M. Zapata-Torres, M. Meléndez-Lira, "Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing", 2015.

[4] Yunchao Yin et al., doi: 10.1016/j , Crystal Structures,sec.157,2016.
[5] W. Choi, A. Termin, M.Hoffmann, J. Phys. Chem. Semiconductor Photocatalysts, vol.98 .pp.13669, 1994.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Utilization of Rice Husk Ash in concrete as cement replacement
Country : India
Authors : Harshit Varshney

Abstract: Rice husk ash (RHA) is an agricultural based pozzolanic material, generated by rice mills in huge quantities. This paper summarizes the experimental work of concrete in which ordinary Portland cement (OPC) cement were replaced by Rice husk ash (RHA). Partial replacement of OPC cement was carried out at 0% to 20% in steps of 5% and compared with 0% replacement.......

Keywords - Concrete; workability; compressive strength; split tensile strength

[1]. S. D. Nagrale, Dr. Hemant Hajare, Pankaj R. Modak, Utilization Of Rice Husk Ash, International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA), Vol. 2, Issue 4, July-August 2012, pp.001-005. ISSN: 2248-9622

[2] P.Padma Rao, A.Pradhan Kumar, B.Bhaskar Singh, A Study on Use of Rice Husk Ash in Concrete. IJEAR Vo l .4, Issue spl 2, 2014 [3] Gyanen.Takhelmayum, Ravi Prasad, Savitha A.L, Experimental Study on the Properties of cement concrete using Rice Husk Ash, International Journal of Engineering Science and Innovative Technology (IJESIT)Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2014. ISSN: 2319-5967 [4] Vrunda D. Thaware, Milind V. Mohod, ARAMETRIC STUDY OF RHA (RICE HUSK ASH) IN CEMENT CONCRETE, IORD Journal of Science & Technology E-ISSN: 2348-0831 Volume 1, Issue 1

[5] P.chandan kumar and P.malleswara rao," benefits of use of rice husk ash in concrete," jr. of industrial pollution control 26 (2)(2010) pp 239-241

Paper Type : Review Paper
Title : Prefabrication in Ancient Period
Country : India
Authors : Eva Prasher || Shaluza Mittal

Abstract: The origin of any building material and its construction techniques is an interesting subject to study and explore, because it does not have a present and a future alone but also has a golden past. This past has many facts that explain us the growth of construction industry and also a civilization. Before the latest known advancement in construction technology, all the structures were built from natural as well as handmade and/or locally available materials............

Keywords -Ancient construction technique, evolution, historic civilization, local material, prefabrication.

[1] S. Vardia, "Advanced masters in structural analysis of monuments and historical constructions", Universidad do Minho, 2008.
[2] M.S. Palanichamy, K.L. Muthuramu, G. Jeyakumar, "Prefabrication techniques for residential building", Proc. 27th Conference on Our World in Concrete & Structures, Singapore, 2002.
[3] S. Kak, "Space and Cosmology in the Hindu Temple", Vaastu Kaushal: International Symposium on Science and technology in Ancient Indian Monuments, New Delhi, 2002.
[4] S. Bhan, "North Indian Protohistory and Vedic Aryans", Ancient Asia, 1(0), 2006, pp.173–178.
[5] R. Dutta, "Swastika Symbol on Bharhut Stone Railing: A Case Study" Ancient Asia, 2(0), 2010, 147–154.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Retrofitting of Columns of an Existing Building by RC, FRP and SFRC Jacketing Techniques
Country : India
Authors : Pranay Ranjan || Poonam Dhiman

Abstract: The objectives of this paper is to design RC, FRP and SFRC Jacketing of failed columns of an existing building and to compare suitability of these three methods of retrofitting. The presented work also describes design procedure of Reinforced Concrete, Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymer Jacketing and Steel Fibre Reinforced Polymer Jacketing for strengthening an existing columns.....

Keywords - Concrete Jacketing, FRP Jacketing, SFRC Jacketing, Retrofitting.

[1] IS 15988:2013, Seismic Evaluation And Strengthening Of Existing Reinforced Concrete Buildings –Guidelines, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, 2013.
[2] IS 875:1987(Part 2), Design Loads For Buildings And Structures- BIS, New Delhi, 1987.
[3] IS 1893:1987(Part 2),Code Of Practice For Design Loads for Buildings and Structures (earthquake)- BIS, New Delhi, 1987.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Design and Estimation of Reinforced Building: A Case Study
Country : India
Authors : Akshay Chaudhary || Payal Sachdeva || Maninderpal Singh

Abstract: For estimating the cost of the structure, it is necessary for the quantities of the materials, including those of the reinforcement to be known. Accurate quantities of the concrete and brickwork can be calculated from the layout drawings. If working drawings and schedules for the reinforcement are not available it is necessary to provide an estimate of the anticipated quantities.....

Keywords -Building, Cost, Design, Estimation and Seismic Safety.

[1] IS 456:2000: Code of practice for plain and reinforced concrete (fourth revision).

[2] A. Tuan, J.Y. Park, Development of integrated design methodology for various types of product – service systems, Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, 1 (1) (2014), pp. 37–47

[3] Choi CH, Park YJ, Han SH, Chin SY. Recipe-based estimation system for 5D (3D+Cost+Schedule) CAD system. In: Academic Conference of Korean Construction Management Association; 2006; p. 154–160.

[4] ATC: Tentative provisions for the development of seismic regulations for buildings, Report N. ATC3-06, Applied Technology Council, California, 1978.

[5] A. Bartolini, Reinforced Concrete Design Project Five Storey Office Building (December, 2007).

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Development of High Strength Fly Ash based Geopolymer Concrete with Alccofine
Country : India
Authors : Bharat Bhushan Jindal || Aniket Yadav || Abhishek Anand || Akashdeep Badal

Abstract: The production of Ordinary Portland cement concrete causes havoc to the environment due to the emission of CO2 in the production of cement as well as mining which results in unrepairable damage to nature. Geopolymer concrete, a cement free concrete is an innovative green concrete in which binding properties are developed by the interaction of alkaline solutions with a source material that is rich in silica and alumina. Fly Ash, a by- product of coal obtained from the thermal power.....

Keywords -Geopolymer concrete, fly ash, Alccofine, compressive strength.

[1] Cembureau "Cement in Cembureau Countries Statistics 2005- 2007",
[2] Davidovits, J. (1994). "High-Alkali Cements for 21st Century Concretes", ACI Special Publication, 144, 383-398.

[3] Mehta, P. K. 2001 "Reducing the Environmental Impact of Concrete", ACI Concrete Tech International 23(10): pp. 61-66

[4] Malhotra, V. M. (1999). "Making Concrete "Greener" With Fly Ash." Concrete International, 21(5), 61-66.

[5] Central Electricity Authority. (2014). "Report on Fly ash generation at Coal/Lignite Based Thermal Power Stations and Its Utilization in The Country, For The Years 2011-12 And 2012-13", Central Electricity Authority, Government of India, New Delhi.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : A Critique on the Under-explored Sustainable Building Materials in India
Country : India
Authors : Beena Kumari || Pappal Suneja

Abstract: The need of the hour demands that requirements of modern era must be kept in mind, but at the same time celebration of our old traditional past whereby emphasizing on the importance of local materials that are environment friendly should be the main focus. Celebration of our beautiful glorious past could also be initiated by learning from our mistakes and moving ahead towards journey of introspections of what our ancestors did in ancient times and what is intended to be created today.....

Keywords -Environment friendly, introspection, recycled concrete, sustainable, under-explored.

[1] White paper from the ACI board advisory committee on "Sustainable Development", Farmington Hills, MI, USA: American Concrete Institute, 2004.
[2] L. Coppola, S. Monosi, S. Sandri and A. Borsoi, "Recycling of demolished R.C. and P.R.C. structures to manufacture new concrete", L'Industria Italiana del Cemento 705, 1995, 715-728.
[3] V. M. Malhotra, "Fly ash, blast-furnace slag, silica fume and highly reactive metakaolin", Concrete construction handbook (Boca Raton, FL, USA: CRC Press, 1997).
[4] K.S. Jagadish, "Building with Stabilized Mud" (New Delhi: I.K. International Publishing House Pvt. Ltd, 2007).
[5] S. K. Agarwal and D. Gulati, "Utilization of industrial wastes and unprocessed micro-fillers for making cost effective mortars," Construction and Building Materials, 20(10), 2006, 999–1004.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Flexural Capacity of Composite Beams (Steel & Concrete) – A Review
Country : India
Authors : Kapil Grover || Sakshi Gupta

Abstract: Many researchers have been working on the flexure capacity of composite steel and concrete beams and found out various studies on the same. This work gives the review of work done by various researchers who investigated the flexural capacity of composite steel and concrete beams and the behavior of composite slabs subjected to shear and bending. The review revealed the advantages of composite construction & the most effective utilization of steel and concrete.....

Keywords -Beam, bending, composite, concrete, flexural capacity, shear, steel.

[1] S. Al-deen, G. Ranzi, and Z. Vrcelj, "Long-term Experiments of Composite Steel-Concrete Beams", Procedia Engineering, 14, 2011, 2807–2814.
[2] H. A. AL-Latef Numan, "Linear Analysis of Continuous Composite Concrete-Steel Beam with Partial Connection", Journal of Engineering and Development, 13(2), 2009.
[3] S. Chen andY. Jia, "Required and available moment redistribution of continuous steel–concrete composite beams", Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 64, 2008, 167–175.
[4] M. Chiewanichakorn, A.J. Aref, S.S. Chen and A.I. Sang, "Effective Flange Width Definition for Steel–Concrete Composite Bridge Girder", Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, 130(12), 2004, 2016–2031.
[5] M. Crisinel and F. Marimon, "A new simplified method for the design of composite slabs", Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 60, 2004, 481–491.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Stabilisation of Silty Soil by Pond Ash, Rice Husk Ash, Cement and Phosphogypsum
Country : India
Authors : Bharat Bhushan Jindal || Nirpinder Jain

Abstract: Utilization of bulk quantity of Industrial waste produced globally is a serious concern in today's era. Nearly 75% of India's total installed power generation is from thermal power station which is 90% coal based, producing tremendous quantity of fly ash as well as pond ash, which requires a large area to dispose off. The bulk utilization of fly ash is only possible by the way of geotechnical application such as embankment construction, backfill material and sub base material.....

Keywords -Pond ash, fly ash, rice husk ash, phosphogypsum, silty soil

[1] Chen, F.H. (1975) Foundation on expensive soils, Elsevier Sciences, Amesterdam, The Netherland.
[2] Cokca, E. (2001), "Use of Class C fly ash for the stabilisation of an expensive soil." J.Geoenviron.Eng.,127(7),568-573.
[3] Ferguson, G., & Leverson.S.M.(1999) "Soil and pavement base stabilisation with self cementing coal fly ash." American Coal Association, Alexentria,V.A.
[4] Jha J.N., Gill K.S., "Effect of Rice Husk Ash On Lime Stabilisation of Soil", Institution of Engineers, India 2006
[5] Kumar Arvind, Walia B.S., Bajaj Asheet (2007) "Influence of Fly Ash, Lime and Polyester fibres on compaction and strength properties of expensive soils" Journal of Materials in civil engg. ASCE Vol. 19.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Passive Solar Technique Using Trombe Wall - A Sustainable Approach
Country : India
Authors : Piyush Sharma || Sakshi Gupta

Abstract: This work presents a detailed investigation on a Trombe wall, a solar wall, is an important element of passive solar design. It is a very thick wall and can be south-facing or north-facing depending upon the hemisphere, which is painted black and made of exclusive material that absorbs lot of heat. Trombe walls are enormous 'passive' ways of providing heat to an interior space......

Keywords -Solar Energy, Sustainability, Thermal mass, Thermal comfort, Trombe wall..

[1] T.G Özbalta and S. Kartal, "Heat gain through Trombe wall using solar energy in a cold region of Turkey", Scientific Research and Essays, 5(18), 2010, 2768-2778.
[2] N.M. Thanu, R.L. Sawhney, R.N. Khare and D. Buddhi, "An Experimental Study of the Thermal Performance of an Earth-Air-Pipe System in Single Pass Mode", Solar Energy, 71(6), 2001, 353-364.
[3] J. Jie, Y. Hua, H.Wei, P. Gang, L. Jianping and J. Bin, "Modeling of a Novel Trombe Wall with PV Cells", Building and Environment, 42(3), 2007, 1544-1552.
[4] S. Omiderza, K. Sopian, C.H Lim and M.Y Suleiman, "Trombe walls: A review of opportunities and challenges in research and development", Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16(8), 2012, 6340-6351.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Analytical Study of Steel Column Failure Subjected to Blast Loading using Autodyn
Country : India
Authors : Vijay Kumar || Anil Kumar

Abstract: Columns in a building are vital structural elements which resist lateral loads during earthquakes as well as should be robut enough to resist blast loads since failure of even a few columns may initiate progressive failure of a building. In the present paper, a column from a steel-moment-framed building is subjected to blast loading scenarios for blasts occurring outside the building and at ground level......

Keywords -Blast Loading, Column failure, Peak reflected pressure, Progressive collapse, TNT

[1] Dewey, M.C., Dewey J.M., (1971), The properties of the blast waves obtained from the particle trajectories, Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A.314, pp. 275-299.
[2] Dharaneepathy M. V. (1995), Critical distance for blast resistance design, computer and structure Vol. 54, No.4.pp.587-595.
[3] Ngo, T., Mendis, P.(2007), ―Blast Loads and effects of Blast loads on structures‖, EJSE Special Issue: Loading on structures.
[4] Jinkoo. K., Park, J. H., Lee, T. H., (2010), Sensitivity analysis of steel buildings subjected to column loss, Engineering Structures 33 421–432.
[5] ANSYS Academic Advanced Software (2014), ANSYS Inc., Pennsylvania, USA.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Investigation of Expected Seismic Performance on Existing Buildings: A Case Study
Country : India
Authors : Arun Kumar || Ajay Singh Chauhan || Khushpreet Singh || Aditya Tiwary

Abstract: In India the Himalayan belt lies near the fault separating Indo-Australian and Eurasian plate. But it is natural that this area is seismically active and lies in earthquake zone IV. Beside this fact, most of buildings in Himachal Pradesh have poor structural and constructional quality. In this paper, an effort has been made for determining the study of different structural irregularities and construction defects of buildings situated in Solan and Shimla district of Himachal Pradesh, India......

Keywords -Earthquake, irregularities, offsets, segregation, seismic zone, soft storey.

[1] A. Tena-Colunga, ―Evaluation of the seismic response of slender, setback RC moment-resisting frame buildings designed according to the seismic guidelines of a modern seismic code‖‖, In 13th world conference on earthquake engineering, Paper no.2027, Canada, 2004.
[2] R. S. Thyagarajan and W. D. Iwan ,‖Performance characteristics of a widely used hysteretic model in structural dynamics‖, In proceedings of fourth U.S. National conference on Earthquake engineering, Earthquake engineering research institute (EERI), Vol.2, pp. 177 – 186,1990.
[3] M. Tomaževiˇc, and W. Polona Weiss, ―Displacement capacity of masonry buildings as a basis for the assessment of behavior factor: an experimental study", Bullitten of earthquake engineering, Vol.8, pp.1267 – 1294, April 2010.
[4] R. Tremblay and L. Poncet, ―Seismic performance of concentrically braced steel frames in multistory buildings with mass irregularity‖, Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol.131, pp.1363–1375. September 2005.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Flexural Characteristics of RC Beams Retrofitted using FRP and Cement Matrix Composite
Country : India
Authors : Abhishek Sharma || Tara Sen || Joyanta Pal

Abstract: In this study flexural strength of beams retrofitted using cement matrix composite and conventional epoxy binder are compared. The matrix is made using cement, fly ash, admixtures and fibres. For this study, ten beams of cross section 100×135 mm and overall length of 1m are casted. Two of the beams served as control beams. The other eight beams are strengthened using EB technique. Group 1 having 2 beams strengthened with glass fibers and other 2 beams with sisal fibers using cement matrix composite.....

Keywords -Cement matrix composite, EB technique, Flexural strengthening, Glass fiber, sisal fiber.

[1] V.C. Marlapalle, P.J. Salunke, and N.G. Gore, "Analysis & Design of R.C.C. Jacketing for Buildings", International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering (IJRTE), Volume 3 Issue 3, pp. 62-63, July 2014.
[2] Y.A. Hassanean, K.A. Assaf, S.E. Raheem, and A.N.M. Arafa, "Flexural behavior of strengthened and repaired R.C. beams by using steel fiber concrete jacket under repeated load", International Journal of Civil And Structural Engineering, Volume 3 No 3, pp. 564-578, March 2013.
[3] M.F. Belal, H.M. Mohamed, and S.A. Morad, "Behavior of reinforced concrete columns strengthened by steel jacket", HBRC Journal, Volume 11 Issue 2, pp. 201–212, August 2015.
[4] P. Nagaprasad, D.R. Sahoo and D.C. Rai, "Seismic strengthening of RC columns using external steel cage", Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Volume 38, pp. 1563-1586, April 2009.

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