IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE)

6th National Conference on "Recent Developments In Mechanical Engineering- 2017"

Voulme 6

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Automatic Central Air Inflation System
Country : India
Authors : K. Rathi || A.Shitole || A.Shelke || S.Kalhapure || B. R. Pujari
: 10.9790/1684-17010060103     logo

Abstract: The only part of a vehicle which is not getting automated is tyres. From the studies it is known that a slight drop in pressure, will affect the tyre wear, safety, gas mileage and whole vehicle performance. To neglect the unwanted stress and waste of time for inflating the tyres, this (Automatic Air Inflation) system is designed. This system states that the tyres are optimally inflated at all running conditions. Whenever the pressure is reduced below the mentioned or set level the sensor senses and displays it on the screen (LCD). Because of this the driver gets notified and makes him alert of lower pressure in tyres. There is a centralized compressor which is connected to the four tyres..............

Keywords –Automatic, central tyre inflation system, self-inflating, potential improvement.

[1] Hemant Soni, Pratik Golar, Ashwin Kherde, Design Of Automatic Tyre Inflation System, Industrial Science, Vol.1,Issue.4/April. 2014 ISSN : 2347-5420
[2] P. Omprakash, T. Senthil Kumar,Velammal, M.A.R.S - Mechanized Air Refilling System, International Journal of Information Sciences and Techniques (IJIST) 4(3), 2014
[3] Hemant Soni, Akash Lahurgade, Sourabh Relkar, Sourabh Babhulkar, Automatic Tyre Inflation System, Golden Research Thoughts ISSN 2231-5063, Volume-3(10), 2014
[4] V. B. Bhandari, Design of Machine Elements (Tata McGraw-Hill Education, 2010).
[5] Kalaikathir Achchagam, Design Data


Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Sorting of Objects Based on Colour, Weight and Type on A Conveyor Line Using PLC
Country : India
Authors : S. V. Rautu || A. P. Shinde || N. R. Darda || A. V.Vaghule || C. B.Meshram || S.S.Sarawade
: 10.9790/1684-17010060407     logo

Abstract: Sorting of products in an industry is a tedious industrial process, which is generally carried out manually. Continuous manual sorting creates quality consistency issues. Segregation based on different characteristics like weight, colour, type require different equipment for weighing and then separating. We have proposed an efficient method which uses load cell, inductive sensor and TCS 230 colour sensor for identifying and segregating on the basis of weight, colour and type (metal or non-metal) of object and Siemens 300 Series PLC to control the overall process of sorting two types of objects..............

Keywords–Colour Sorting, Conveyor Line, DC Motor Siemens 300 series PLC, TCS230 Colour Sensor.

[1] DharmannagariVinay Kumar Reddy, Sorting Of Objects Based On Colour By Pick And Place Robotic Arm And With Conveyor Belt Arrangement, International Journal Of Mechanical And Robotics Research, ISSN 2278 – 0149, January 2014.
[2] Kunhimohammed C. K, MuhammedSaifudeen K. K, Sahna S, Gokul M. S And ShaeezUsman Abdulla, Automatic Color Sorting Machine Using TCS230 Color Sensor And PIC Microcontroller, International Journal Of Research And Innovations In Science & Technology, ISSN (Online): 2394-3858, 2015
[3] Prof. NilimaBargal, AdityaDeshpande, RuchaKulkarni, RuchaMoghe, PLC based Object Sorting Automation, International Research Journal Of Engineering & Technology, ISSN (Online): 2395-0056, July 2016
[4] Sheela S, Shivaram. K. R, Meghashree S, Monica L, Prathima A, Shriya M. Kumar, Low Cost Automation for Sorting of Objects on Conveyor Belt, International Journal Of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering & Technology, ISSN (Online): 2319-8753, May 2016

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Tissue Paper Roll Mounting for an Automatic Wet Tissue Pouch Packaging Machine
Country : India
Authors : V. N.Chougule || A. S. Bhandar || S. S. Agrawal || K. M. Khandelwal
: 10.9790/1684-17010060813     logo

Abstract: This paper deals with the mechanisms used in wet tissue pouch packing machine for reel mounting process. This mainly includes the splicing mechanism and use of adhesives for achieving zero downtime in order to reduce the time required for reel change, calculation of tearing force of the tissue using a spring balance, the selection of a spool holder on which the roll is placed, overcoming the fluctuations caused due to non-eccentricity of roll and brake considerations for maintaining proper tension taking into account the changing diameter of feed roll with respect to time and use of sensors for job presence. It also includes calculation of a suitable motor input speed considering the variation in the diameter of the roll. The installation of accumulator to supply required tissue at a constant rate is also explained below.

Keywords -Accumulator, dancer roller (intermediate rollers), film tension, web handling, splicing

[1] Piotrowski, J.,Shaft Alignment Handbook, 2d ed., Marcel Dekker Inc., New York, 1995.
[2] GE Industrial Control Systems
[3] Flexo Presswise. Tension Control-Dirk Kroll-Webconvert Ltd
[4] The Mechanics Of Tension Control-By- Jeff Damour, Converter Accessory Corporatio], Wind Gap, PA USA4.

[5] Design Considerations in Unwind Tension Control Systems-by Bob Pasquale( New Era Converting Machinery)


Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : A Review on Independent Suspension System of Light Commercial Vehicle
Country : India
Authors : S.S.Khode || A.A. Satam || A.B.Gaikwad
: 10.9790/1684-17010061419     logo

Abstract: Suspension system is the necessary part in the automobile vehicle. Suspension system provide comfort ride to the passengers. Suspension systems have been widely applied to vehicles, from the horse-drawn carriage with flexible leaf springs fixed in the four corners, to the modern automobile with complex control algorithms. The suspension of a road vehicle is usually designed with two objectives to isolate the vehicle body from road irregularities and to maintain contact of the wheels with the roadway. The suspension link allows wheels to rise and fall on their own without affecting the opposite wheel..............

Keywords – Suspension, Wishbone. Light Commercial Vehicle.

[1] C. M. Chaudhari, M. V. Sulakhe, "Finite element analysis and testing of suspension arm," National Conference on Advances in Mechanical Engineering, 03 - 05January, 2011.

[2] V. Kulkarni,. "Finite Element Analysis and Topology Optimization of Lower Arm of Double Wishbone Suspensionusing RADIOSS and Optistruct" International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR).

[3] Ragnar Ledesma,Shan Shih, "Heavy and Medium Duty Vehicle Suspension-Related Performance Issues and Effective Analytical Models for System Design Guide," SAE TECHNICAL PAPER SERIES, 1999-01-3781.

[4] J. Y. Wong, "Theory of Ground Vehicles", John Wiley & Sons, Third Edition.

[5] Giancarlo Genta, Lorenzo Morello, "The automotive chassis,"volume 1: component design, springer science publication.


Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Design and Structural Analysis of Lifting Arm in Processing Lift
Country : India
Authors : S. F. Sakore || K. A. Mahajan
: 10.9790/1684-17010062027     logo

Abstract: In industries it is required to assemble the structures like pressure vessel on overhead positions. This process needs lifting devices to reach up to working location. To assemble such structures, various joining operations need to be performed such as welding in overhead position. This work includes the redesign of existing lifting platform system with tilting joint so that the operations can be performed easily and more efficiently. In short the square shaped platform changed with semicircular shape platform and accordingly changing parameters are validated. Solution to cover more radial distance for operation on pressure vessels outer surface with load calculations and boundary conditions also working of tilting arm is validated with stresses and deflection coming on titling joints. Also structural behavioral results are compared and validated

Keywords - FEA, Johnson Method, Lifting Arm, L-Bracket, Optimum Design.

[1] Jaydeep M. Bhatt, et al, Nov.12- Oct. 13, Design and analysis of an aerial scissor lift, Journal of Information, Knowledge and Research in Mechanical Engineering, ISSN 0975 – 668X, Volume-02, ISSUE -02,452.
[2] T. Islam, et al, Dynamic analysis of scissor lift mechanism through bond graph modeling, in Proceedings of the IEEE/ASME AI , the IEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics, 1–10, July 7 – 10, Besancon, France 2014.
[3] V.B.Bhandari, Design of Machine Element, 3/e (McGraw-Hill).
[4] F. Rahimi Dehgolan, et al, Obtaining constant of Johnson material model using expt., numerical simulation and optimization method, Jan 1999.
[5] Hartley T. Grandin, et al, Mechanics of material, Department of Mechanical Engineering Worcester Polytechnic Institute, University of Arkansas, ASEE New England Section Annual Conference, 2006.


Paper Type : Review Paper
Title : Design of Arm & L-bracket and It's Optimization By Using Taguchi Method
Country : India
Authors : S. F.Sakore || K. A. Mahajan
: 10.9790/1684-17010062838     logo

Abstract: In industries it is required to assemble the structures like pressure vessel on overhead positions. This process needs lifting devices to reach up to working location. To assemble such structures, various joining operations need to be performed such as welding in overhead position. This work includes the redesign of existing lifting platform system with tilting joint so that the operations can be performed easily and more efficiently. In short the square shaped platform changed with semicircular shape platform and accordingly changing parameters are validated............

Keywords - FEA, Johnson Method, Lifting Arm, L-Bracket, Optimum Design, Taguchi Method

[1] Jaydeep M. Bhatt, et al, Nov.12- Oct. 13, "Design and analysis of an aerial scissor lift", Journal of Information, Knowledge and Research in Mechanical Engineering, ISSN 0975 – 668X, Volume-02, ISSUE -02,452.
[2] T. Islam, et al, "Dynamic analysis of scissor lift mechanism through bond graph modeling" in Proceedings of the IEEE/ASME AI , the IEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics, pp. 1–10, July 7 – 10, Besancon, France 2014.
[3] S.F.Sakore et. al, "Design and structural analysis of lifting arm in processing lift", IOSR, RDME-17.
[4] F. Rahimi Dehgolan, et al, "Obtaining constant of Johnson material model using expt., numerical simulation and optimization method", Jan 1999.
[5] V. Sekar et. al, "Optimising flow stress input for machining simulations using Taguchi methodology",10.2507/IJSIMM, ISSN 1726-4529, 2012.


Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Development Using Simulation on a 4-DOF Passive Suspension System with Thorax-Pelvis
Country : India
Authors : A.V. Bankar || N.S.Deshpande || N.V.Patil || R.Ramya || V.R.Varude || A.C.Mitra
: 10.9790/1684-17010063945     logo

Abstract: One of the most intriguing tasks for modern day car designers is to meet the latest standards and norms for optimum ride comfort and road holding prevailing across the globe. The parameters influencing the performance are closely related with each other, such that this complex multi-variable optimization is difficult to achieve. The present work aims at analyzing and comparing the linear and non-linear characteristics of a spring under a wide range of operating conditions. A Multi-DOF quarter car model has been proposed to study the cause-effect relationship using MATLAB SIMULINK............

Keywords - 4-DOF,Head displacement,Matlab-SIMULINK, Non-Linear Springs, Ride Comfort, Road Holding, Vehicle Dynamics.

[1] A.C.Mitra, N.Benerjee,Ride comfort and Vehicle handling of Quarter Car Model Using SIMULINK and Bond Graph.,Proceedings of the 1st International and 16th National Conference on Machines and Mechanisms (iNaCoMM2013). 2013. [2] V.K.Tewari, N. Prasad. Three-DOF modelling of tractor seat-operator system. Journal of Terramechanics 36.4 (1999): 207-219. [3] S.H. Sawant, Dr J.A. Tamboli. Analysis and Comparison of Vehicle Dynamic System with Nonlinear Parameters Subjected to Actual Random Road Excitations. International Journal of Mechanical Engineering & Technology (IJMET) 3.2 (2012): 284-299.
[4] RajendraKerumali, S. H. Sawant. Analysis of Nonlinearity in spring and Damper of Vibration Isolator Subjected to Harmonic Excitation, Journal of Mechanical Engineering (SSRG-IJME ), 2014, ISSN: 2348 – 8360 .


Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Review Paper on Design and Development of Metal Bending Machine
Country : India
Authors : A. D.Zope || R.R.Deshmukh || D.R.Mete || V.S.Mane
: 10.9790/1684-17010064648     logo

Abstract: Bending machine is used to bend a metal sheet,plate and pipe. The aim of this project is to develop a portable metal bending machine. This machine is used to bend sheets into curve and the other curvature shapes. The size of machine is very small as compare to other machines. And it is convenient for portable work. It is fully made by MS. And it is theeasy to be carry and use at any time and any place. It eases human effort and no required skill workers to operate the machine. We are developing manually operated metal bending machine with use of metal shaft, hydraulic bottle jack, pedestal bearing and support (frame). This machine works on simple kinematic system instead of complicated design...............

Keywords -3 roll bending, sheet and pipe bending, bending with hydraulic jack, manually bending machine

[1] P. S. Thakare, P. G. Mehar, Dr. A. V. Vanalkar and Dr. C. C. Handa, "Productivity Analysis of Manually Operated And Power Operated Sheet Bending Machine: A Comparative Study", International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA), ISSN: 2248-9622, Vol. 2, Issue 2, Mar-Apr 2012, PP.111-114. [2] V. Senthil Raja, R.Maguteeswaran, C. Karthik, S.Rajarajan and D. Shanmuga Vadivel, "A New Model in Design and Manufacturing of Mobile Hydraulic Pipe Bending Machine in Industry", International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT), ISSN: 2278-0181, Vol. 3 Issue 1, January – 2014 PP 2706-2713. [3] H. A. Hussain, M. Sohail Pervez, Md. Naushad Alam and Atul. P. Ganorkar, "Design and Development of Bicycle Integrated Pipe Bending Machine", IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE), e-ISSN: 2278-1684, p-ISSN: 2320-334X, 2014, PP 24-28. [4] Mohan Krishna S. A., "Experimental Design and Fabrication of a Portable Hydraulic Pipe Bending Machine", International Journal of Development Research, ISSN: 2230-9926, Vol. 4, Issue, 12, pp. 2681-2684, December, 2014, PP 2681-2684.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Review of Effect of Composite Additives on Performance and Emission Characteristics of Petrol Engine
Country : India
Authors : A. D.Madavi || S. A. Kamble || S. B.Nawale || V. U. Dhutmal || A. R.Patil || A. D. Desai
: 10.9790/1684-17010064952     logo

Abstract: One of the major drawbacks of IC engines is low efficiency and pollution resulting from incomplete combustion. In order to improve the emission properties and performance an additive is blended with gasoline. The main objective of this paper was preparation of premium gasoline. Through the study of literature survey, effect of different additives has been studied, it is found that different additive had some negative effect when used individually which conclude that there is need for new composite additives having better performance in respect of engine performance and emission control.

Keywords -Additives, SI Engine Performance, Emission

[1] D.B. Sivakumar, M. Arulmozhi, T. Senthil Kumar, "Performance & emission of S.I. Engine with oxygenated fuel", IEEE-International Conference on Advances in Engineering, Science and Management (lCAESM -2012) March 30, 31, 2012, pp.117-121.
[2] Kameoka, A. and Tsuchiya, K., "Influence of Ferrocene on Engine and Vehicle Performance," SAE Technical Paper 2006-01-3448, SAE Technical Paper 2006-01-3448, 2006, doi: 10.4271/2006-01-3448
[3] S.Babazadeh Shayan, F.Ommi, S.M.Seyedpour, M.Alizade, "Influence of oxygenates blending with gasoline on fuel properties". International Journal of Energy & Technology, 3 (19) (2011), pp 1–6
[4] Machado, G., Barros, J., Braga, S., and Braga, C, "Influence of Toluene and Iso-Octane on Combustion and Performance Parameters of Spark Ignition Engines," SAE Technical Paper 2013-36-0229, 2013.
[5] C.Anish Raman, Dr.K.Varatharajan, P.Abinesh, Dr.N.Venkatachalapathi, " Analysis of MTBE as an Oxygenate Additive to Gasoline". Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications 2014. Vol. 4, Issue 3(Version 1), March 2014, pp.712-718

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Thermal Insulation Using Agricultural By-Product: A Review
Country : India
Authors : P.S. Dhivar || A.R. Patil
: 10.9790/1684-17010065361     logo

Abstract: Thermal insulation in the very beginning were made from materials available in nature which mostly included animal shin, wool, flax or straw, etc. The drawback of these materials was that their lifespan was limited because of which artificial materials for insulation came into picture.With regard to the requirements of current environmental condition it is necessary in the construction and reconstruction of existing buildings to implement effective measures for reducing their energy consumption. In actual it is virtually important to get all new building, old buildings with almost zero energy consumption. From the perspective of sustainable development and environmental concern................

Keywords -Agriculture by-products, Natural organic fibers, Sustainable, Thermal conductivity, Thermal insulation

[1] Dávid Bozsaky,The historical development of thermal insulation materials, Ŕ periodica polytechnica
[2] Architecture 41/2 (2010) 49–56 doi: 10.3311/pp.ar.2010-2.02, 2011
[3] Pinto J, Cruz D, Paiva A, Pereira S, Tavares P, Fernandes L, Varum H. Characterization of corn cob as a possible raw building material, Constr Build Mater 2012;34:28–33.
[4] A. Oushabi et . al Natural thermal-insulation materials composed of renewable resources: characterization of local date palm fibers (LDPF), Natural thermal-insulation materials composed of renewable resources: characterization of local date palm fibers (LDPF),J. Mater. Environ. Sci. 6 (12) (2015) 3395-3402 ISSN : 2028-2508 CODEN: JMESCN

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Investigation of Cost Effective and Efficient Solar Collector: A Review
Country : India
Authors : S.R.Patil || A.A.Keste || S. Chavan || P. Borade || A.Chavan || N.Chavan
: 10.9790/1684-17010066265     logo

Abstract: Energy is a crucial input in the process of economic, social and industrial development .Besides the other three classical factors i.e. land, capital and labour, energy is of vital importance in the context of development. The energy demand is expected to triple before 2025. With the increasing per capita power consumption the depletion of conventional resources, an increase in the cost of power production and environmental pollution are emerging problems of concern. Seeking alternate resources and technologies will be solutions to these problems to a great extent. The conventional solar collectors are a costly affair; need space for installation and regular maintenance................

Keywords -solar water heating, concrete, cost effective,metal fibres,integration.

[1] Turner R.H,Concrete Slabs as winter solar collectors,ASME solar energy conference,pp 9-13
[2] Bopshetty S.V &Nayak J.K, Performance Analysis of Solar Concrete Collector, EnergyConverse. Manage.,33(11),1007-1016
[3] ChaurasiaP.B.L,Solar water heaters based on concrete collectors,Energy,33(11),1007-1016
[4] Sokholof M. &Reshef M., Performance Simulation of Solar Collectors made of concrete with embedded Conduit Lattice, Solar Energy,48(6),403-417
[5] Hazami M., Performance of Solar storage Collector, Desalination 183,167-172

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Biodiesel Fuel- A Review
Country : India
Authors : P. U. Gaikwad || K L Balan || S. S. Sarawade
: 10.9790/1684-17010066670     logo

Abstract: Biodiesel is an alternative to conventional diesel fuel made from renewable resources, such as non-edible vegetable oils. The oil from seeds (e.g., Jatropha and Pongamia) can be converted to a fuel commonly referred to as "Biodiesel." No engine modifications are required to use biodiesel in place of petroleum-based diesel. Biodiesel can be mixed with petroleum-based diesel in any proportion. This interest is based on a number of properties of biodiesel including the fact that it is produced from a renewable domestic source, its biodegradability, and its potential to reduce exhaust emissions. The climate change is presently an important element of energy use and development................

Keywords -Biodiesel, Transesterification, Methanol, Jatropha Curcas, fossil fuel.

[1] Feng Guo,Ning-Ning Wei, Zhi-Long Xiu , Zhen Fang Transesterification mechanism of soybean oil to biodiesel catalyzed by calcinedsodium silicate. Fuel 93 (2012) 468–472
[2] N. Viriya-empikul , P. Krasae , W. Nualpaeng , B. Yoosuk , K. FaungnawakiBiodiesel production over Ca-based solid catalysts derived from industrial wastes Fuel 92 (2012) 239–244
[3] HamedMootabadi, BabakSalamatinia, Subhash Bhatia, Ahmad ZuhairiAbdullah,Ultrasonic-assisted biodiesel production process from palm oil using alkaline earth metal oxides as the heterogeneous catalysts Fuel 89 (2010) 1818–1825


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