IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE)

6th National Conference on "Recent Developments In Mechanical Engineering- 2017"

Voulme 5

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Vibrational Analysis of Disc Brake Rotor of a Two Wheeler to find the defect using FEA
Country : India
Authors : D. Bhadgaonkar || A. Singh || S. S. Jadhav || S. S. Jadhav
: 10.9790/1684-17010050106     logo

Abstract: The current tendencies in automotive industry need intensive investigation in problems of interaction of active safety systems with brake system equipment. Disc brakes use a flat, disc-shaped metal rotor that spins with the wheel. When the brakes are applied, a caliper squeezes the brake pads against the disc, slowing the wheel. The main motive is to Finding the difference in frequency curve of the disc brake rotor by artificially creating a crack in the disc brake rotor. By using Finite Element Analysis and developing an equation between natural frequency and crack depth. This equation can be used to predict or identify the crack depth on disc

Keywords –Crack Generation, Disc Brake Rotor, FEA, Frequency Response Curve, Modal Analysis, Natural Frequency, Vibrational Analysis.

[1] V. Kumar, P. Kumar, Manjunatha, M. D. Pawar, Shivaramakrishna, Finite Element Analysis of Two Wheeler Disc Brake Rotor, Imperial Journal of Interdisciplinary Research (IJIR), 2(7), 2016, 928-932.
[2] N. Balasubramanyam, G. Prasanthi, Design and Analysis of Disc Brake Rotor for a Two Wheeler, International Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Technology (IJMIT), 1(1), 2014, 7-12.
[3] R. Venkatramanan, S. B. Kumaragurubaran, K. C. Vishnu, Sivakumar S, Saravanan B, Design and Analysis of Disc Brake Rotor, International Journal of Applied Engineering Research 10(1), 2015, 14558-14562.
[4] Velveeta L. C, N. A. N. Rao, Design & Analysis of a Disc Brake using FEA, International Journal of Computational Engineering Research (IJCER), 04(10)2014, 27-31.
[5] N. K. Kharate, S. S. Chaudhari, Department of Mechanical Engineering, YCCOE, Nagpur, 'Investigation of Natural

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Tensile Testing of Bamboo Fiber Reinforced Epoxy Composite
Country : India
Authors : R. S. Wani || R. R. Shitole
: 10.9790/1684-17010050711     logo

Abstract: In day to day life, various components are made up of plastics and metals. But these materials create environmental problems. Components made from metals are heavy. Hence, alternative materials for these materials with enhanced desired properties are required Composites have various desired properties such as strength, stiffness, corrosion resistance, etc. From thousand years, humans have used composites for various applications because of their enhanced properties. In the present work, composites were prepared with unidirectional bamboo fiber reinforced with epoxy resin..............

Keywords–Bamboo Composite, Bamboo Fiber, Modulus of Elasticity of Composite, Tensile Strength, Bamboo Epoxy reinforced Composite

[1] Parnia Zakikhani, R. Zahari, M.T.H. Sultan, D,L. Majjid, Extraction and preparation of bamboo fiber-reinforce composites, Materials and design 63 (2014) 820-828.
[2] S.A.H. Roslan, Z.A. Rasid, M.Z. Hassan, The natural fiber composites based on bamboo fibers; A review, ARPN journal of engineering and applied science, Vol. 10, No. 15, Aug 2015.
[3] Kannan Rassiah, M.M.H Megat Ahmad, A review on mechanical properties of bamboo fiber reinforced polymer composite, Australian journal of basic and applied science, 7(8): 247-253,2013.
[4] S. Sreenivasusu, Dr. A Chennakeshava Reddy, Mechanical properties evaluation of bamboo fiber reinforced composite material,, International journal of engineering research, Vol.3, 187-194,march 2014.
[5] Honey Banga, V.K. Singh, Sushil Kumar Choudhary, fabrication and study of mechanical properties of bamboo fiber reinforced bio-composite, Innovative system design and engineering, Vol. 6, No.1, 2015.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Topology Optimization of Excavator Bucket Link
Country : India
Authors : R. B. Sarode || S. S. Sarawade
: 10.9790/1684-17010051226     logo

Abstract: Heavy duty excavators are operated during the excavation process the unknown resistive forces offered by the terrain to the bucket teeth is transformed to the other parts via bucket linkage. Excessive amount of these forces adversely affected on the bucket link therefore the optimization of bucket linkage is done on the maximum breakout forces which are exerted on it during operation. Thus, it is very much necessary to provide not only a better design of parts having maximum reliability but also of minimum weight and keeping design safe under all loading conditions. In this paper..............

Keywords -Excavator bucket link, Scale down model, Similitude, Topology optimization

[1] B. Patel, J. Prajapati,Evaluation of Bucket Capacity, Digging Force Calculations and Static Force Analysis of Mini Hydraulic Backhoe Excavator, Machine Design,4,2012, 59-66.
[2] B. Patel, J. Prajapati ,Structural Optimization of Mini Hydraulic Backhoe Excavator Attachment Using FEA Approach,Machine Design,5,2013,46-56.
[3] R. Mishra, V. Dewangan ,Optimization of Component of Excavator Bucket, International Journal of Scientific Research Engineering & Technology (IJSRET 2(2),2013, 076-078.
[4] S. Mehta, N. Nagare ,Analysis and Optimization of Bucket of an Excavator, 2( 2),2015, 82-92.
[5] G. Mehta, V. Iyer, J. Dave ,Finite Element Analysis and Optimization of an Excavator Attachments, HTC, May 2009.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Numerical and Analytical Investigation on the Effect of Dynamic Characteristics of Metal Expansion Bellows
Country : India
Authors : A. B. Kadam || S. P. Gadewar || S.H.Gawande
: 10.9790/1684-17010052739     logo

Abstract: Metal bellows are elastic vessels that can be compressed when pressure is applied to outside of the vessel, or extended under vacuum. This is the mechanical device with wide range of applications due to its characteristic nature in absorbing energy and displacement in the structure. Structures are like bridges, industrial actuators, piping systems etc. These are widely use in aeronautical domains and medical applications. This paper is based on the objective as to investigate the numerical and analytical approach on the effect of dynamic characteristics of metal expansion bellows...............

Keywords – Natural Frequency, Metal Expansion Bellows, Deformation, Modal Analysis, MATLAB, ANSYS15

[1] S.H. Gawande and N.D.Pagar, "A Combined Numerical and Experimental Investigation on the Effect of Dynamic Characteristics of Metal Expansion Bellows", Hindawi Publishing Corporation International Journal of Metals Volume 2015, Article ID 957925.
[2] EJMA, Standards of Expansion Joint Manufacturers Association, 9th edition, New York, 2008. [3] H. Shaikh, G. George, and H. S. Khatak, "Failure analysis of an AM 350 steel bellows", Engineering Failure Analysis, vol. 8, no. 6, pp.571-576, 2001.
[4] G. I. Broman, A. P. Jonsson, and M. P. Hermann,"Determining dynamic characteristics of bellows by manipulated beam finite elements of commercial software", International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping, vol .77,no.8, pp.445-453, 2000.
[5] T. Li, "Effect of the elliptic degree of Ω-shaped bellows toroid on its stresses", International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping,vol. 75, no. 13, pp.951-954,1998.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Development of Synchronizer Operation for integration in AMT Control Strategy
Country : India
Authors : N.R.Junnarkar || V.N.Raibhole
: 10.9790/1684-17010054045     logo

Abstract: We see many developments in the vehicles and their transmission systems. These majorly focus on the latest market trends, user demands and better sophisticated technology. The transmission system developer must closely observe the market and the changing values in the society as the transmission system doesn't change in an overnight. They require sufficient time to get established and become stable in the market.The scope of the paper involves creating the control strategy for the working of the synchronizer for an AMT vehicle in MATLAB Simulink. In MATLAB Simulink a mathematical working model of the component is developed...........

Keywords - Synchronizer, Actuation Force, Synchronization Time, AMT Control Strategy, Gear Shifting

[1] U.Wazir,Manual Gearbox Synchronizers-An Overview, Int.Journal of Emerging trends in Engineering and Development,5(3),September 2013,422-428.
[2] S.Muralidharan,S..A.N.Prasad, Design Of Shift Select Mechanism For Automation Of Manual Transmission, SAE Technical Paper ,2014-01-1749,2014, doi:10.4271/2014-01-1749
[3] D. V. Neto, D. G. Florencio, Pedro Rodrigues,Josevaldo Fernandez,Manual Transmission: Synchronization Main Aspects, SAE paper(2006-01-2519), 2006, doi:10.4271/2006-01-2519.
[4] Pingale, A., Development of Compact Synchronizer Technology for Manual and Automated Transmission, SAE Technical Paper 2014-01-1719 ,2014, doi:10.427172014-01-1719
[5] R.T.Syed T,Synchroniser Design: A Mathematical and Dimensional Treatise, (2004), SAE paper (2004-01-1230)

Paper Type : Review Paper
Title : Design and Development of Spur Pinion in Loading Condition with Different Material
Country : India
Authors : P.B.Vavhal || K. C More || A.A. Patil
: 10.9790/1684-17010054653     logo

Abstract: Gears are the very useful components in mechanical power transmission system and industrial rotating machinery, piping industry. A valve opening and closing application spur pinion generally subjected to two types of stresses like bending stresses and contact stresses which are causes teeth failure during meshing with another tooth. Gear design has been improved by using better material, hardening surfaces with carburization and heat treatment, In a pneumatic rotary actuators widely use in valve operating as opening and closing system the rack and pinion are use for valve operation.......... .

Keywords - Aluminum, spur pinion, steel, material, weight optimization.

[1] S. A. Badkas, N.Ajmera ,Static and Dynamic Analysis of Spur Gear, International Journal of Mechanical Engineering & Technology, 7(4), 2016, 8-21.
[2] Ghazi Asmar,Tooth stress calculation of metal spur and helical gears, Journal of Mechanism and Machine Theory, 92 ,2015, 375-390.
[3] Vishwjeet V.Ambade, A.V.Vanalkar, P.R.Gajbhiye,Involute Gear Tooth Contact And Bending Stress Analysis,International Journal of Computational Engineering Research, 3(8), 2013, 30-36.
[4] Mahesh. Badithe, Srimanthula Srikanth, Jithendra Bodapalli Stree and Reduction analysis of spur gear tooth, International Journal on Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, 4(4), 2014,760-767.
[5] J. Venkatesh, mr. P. B. G. S. N.Murthy ,design and structural analysis of high speed helical gear using ansys, International Journal of engineering research and applications. 4(3), 2014, 01-05.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Water Hammer in Engineering Application: A Review
Country : India
Authors : S.G.Jadhav || S.S.Warade || K.N.Kadam || V.J.Sonawane || A.A.Keste
: 10.9790/1684-17010055457     logo

Abstract: In many industrial applications, water hammer causes damage to pipes, valves, flanges, etc. In boilers, when valves becomes damaged large quantities of steam begin blowing out, which could lead to a serious accident .Also it causes bending and bursting of pipes. It creates vibrations in steam line and also creates noise. Therefore research on water hammer and its effects has become a major area of concern for many researchers. It is necessary to study water hammer in steam power plants to avoid damage and huge maintenance cost leading to long life of the power plant. It plays a vital role in the human safety of thermal power plant. Researchers have focused on study............

Keywords - Pipe, Pressure, Water hammer, Strain, Energy dissipation, Temperature

[1] I.F.Barna, A.R.Imre, G.Baranyai, G. Ezsol, Experimental and theoretical study of steam condensation induced water hammer phenomena, Nuclear Engineering and Design 240, 2010, 146–150

[2] Agnieszka Malesinska, Experimental study of water hammer-induced forces and deformations in Dry pipe Fire protection system, Fire safety journal 72, 2015, 16-24
[3] A.Riasi,A. Nourbakhsh, M. Raisee, Energy dissipation in unsteady turbulent pipe flows caused By water hammer, Computers & Fluids 73, 2013, 124–133
[4] R.K. Singh, S.K. Sinha, A.R. Rao, Study of incident water hammer in an engineering loop under Two Phase flow experiment, Nuclear Engineering and Design 240, 2010, 1967–1974
[5] P.Datta, A.Chakravarty, K.Ghosh, A.Mukhopadhyay, S.Sen, A.Datta, P.Goyal, Numerical analysis on the effect of inlet parameters for condensation induced water hammer, Nuclear Engineering and Design 304 ,2016,50–62.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Experimental Study on the Effect of Water Injection in an Internal Combustion Engine
Country : India
Authors : A.A. Iyer || I.P. Rane || K.S. Upasani || Y.P. Bhosale || S.H. Gawande
: 10.9790/1684-17010055864     logo

Abstract: The Emissions from combustion of fuels such as petrol and diesel in I.C. engines and the particulate matter released have been major part of the air pollution sources, especially in urban areas. It has always been the cause of severe public health issues for so long. A lot of research has been carried out in the field of reduction of these pollutants since diesel engines came into prime use. The Main emissions from a diesel engine are Oxides of Nitrogen (NOx), Carbon Monoxide (CO), Oxides of Sulphur (SOx) and particulate matter (PM). The use of an emulsion of diesel in water as a fuel has been a recent subject of study in this sector...............

Keywords -Emissions, Pollution, Catalytic Converter, Fuel Consumption, Internal Combustion Engines

[1] D. Busuttil, M. Farrugia, Experimental Investigation on the Effect of Injecting Water to the Air Fuel Mixture in a Spark Injection Engine, Science Journal, Vol 3, 2015, 585- 590
[2] S. Breda, F. Berni, A. D'Adamo, F. Testa, E. Severi, and G. Cantore, Effects on knock intensity and specific fuel consumption of port water/methanol injection in a turbocharged GDI engine: Comparative analysis, Energy Procedia, vol. 82, 2015,96–102.
[3] X. Ma, F. Zhang, K. Han, Z. Zhu, and Y. Liu, Effects of intake manifold water injection on combustion and emissions of diesel engine, Energy Procedia, vol. 61, 2014,777–781.
[4] A. Boretti, Water injection in directly injected turbocharged spark ignition engines, Applied. Thermal Engineering., vol. 52, no. 1,2013, 62–68.
[5] D. L. Daggett, L. Fucke, B. C. Airplane, R. C. Hendricks, and D. J. H. Eames, Water Injection on Commercial Aircraft to Reduce Airport Nitrogen Oxides,2010, Nasa/Tm—2010-213179.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Study on Laser beam Welding of Copper and Aluminum joint
Country : India
Authors : R.S. Chopde || S.P. Gadewar || M.P. Khond || M.J . Rathod
: 10.9790/1684-17010056574     logo

Abstract: Aluminum and Copper has more significance in electrical and electronic application such as solar energy collectors or light weight electric motors and actuators. It combines comparably good thermal and electrical properties with attractive price and low material weight. However the main difficulty for widespread use of aluminum is the lack of reliable joining process to connect it with copper. The Intermetallic formation during welding of copper and aluminum are caused by large misalignment in physical properties and even more poor metallurgical affinity of both materials and therefore crack sensitivity and formation of brittle intermetallic phase during fusion welding................

Keywords -Laser Welding, Copper and Aluminum

[1] R. K. Roy ,Design of Experiments Using The Taguchi Approach: 16 Steps to Product and Process Improvement, 16(2), 2013, 3-5
[2] M. Harooni, Studying the Effect of Laser Welding Parameters onthe Quality of ZEK100 Magnesium Alloy Sheets in Lap Joint Configuration, 18(1)2012, 539-548
[3] M. M. Hailat, A. Mian, Z.A. Chaudhury, G. Newaz , R. Patwa , H. J. Herfurth,,Laser micro-welding of aluminum and copper with and without tin foil alloy, 18(6), 2012, 103-112
[4] T.A. Mai, A.C. Spowage, Characterization of dissimilar joints in laser welding of steel-kovar, copper-steel and copper-aluminium, Materials science and Engineering , Elsevier ltd, 374(9), 2004, 224-233
[5] A.P. Tadamalle, Reddy, Y.P.a, Ramjee, Influence of laser welding process parameters on weld pool geometry and duty cycle, Advances in Production Engineering & Management Journal, 215(15), 2013, 114-134

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Experimental Analysis of Plasma Arc Cutting Process for SS 316l Plates
Country : India
Authors : S. S. Pawar || K. H. Inamdar
: 10.9790/1684-17010057580     logo

Abstract: In this paper quality characteristics of plasma cutting process for stainless steel 316l plates with different thickness are analyzed through experiments. The quality of the cut has been monitored by measuring kerf width and taper. Plate with thickness 4 mm, 8 mm and 12 mm are cut with different combination of input parameters as per the DoE. Input parameters used for experimental work are cutting speed, arc voltage and gas pressure. Effect of each process parameter on quality characteristic of cut is determined by using ANOVA. It is found that arc voltage was the major influencing parameter which affects kerf followed by cutting speed, and gas pressure. Whereas taper, influenced by cutting speed followed by arc voltage, and gas pressure. These two quality characteristics were optimized by using Grey Relational Analysis.

Keywords -ANOVA, design of experiments, kerf, plasma cutting, taper

[1] D. Krajcarz, Comparison Metal Water Jet Cutting with Laser and Plasma Cutting, Procedia Engineering, 69(2), 2014, 838-843.
[2] M. Radovanovic and M. Madic, Modeling the Plasma Arc Cutting Process Using ANN, Nonconventional Technologies Review, 4, 2011, 43-48.
[3] Ozek, U. Çayda, and E. Unal, A Fuzzy Model for Predicting Surface Roughness in Plasma Arc Cutting of AISI 4140 Steel, Materials and Manufacturing Processes, 27, 2012, 95-102.
[4] Gullu and U. Atici, Investigation of the effects of plasma arc parameters on the structure variation of AISI 304 and St 52 steels, Materials and Design, 27, 2006, 1157-1162.
[5] K. Salonitis and S. Vatousianos, Experimental Investigation of the Plasma Arc Cutting Process, Procedia CIRP, 3, 2012, 287-292.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Heat Augmentation Using Non-metallic Insert in Forced Convection
Country : India
Authors : S.G. Mushan || B.E.Patil || N.K.Sane || D.V.Ghewade
: 10.9790/1684-17010058188     logo

Abstract: Investigations have been carried out over decades to enhance the heat transfer using active, passive and compound heat augmentation techniques. The present work includes passive heat transfer augmentation technique using non-metallic flow divider type inserts with air as working fluid. Whenever inserts are used for heat transfer enhancement, along with increase in heat transfer rate, the pressure drop also increases. This increase in pressure drop increases the pumping cost. Hence heat augmentation technique should optimize between the benefits of heat transfer rate and increased pressure drop. Initially, for validation of setup, experiments were carried out for plain tube................

Keywords -Forced Convection, Flow Divider Insert, Heat Augmentation, Nusselt Number, Reynolds Number.

[1] Bargles, A. E. Techniques to augment heat transfer. Hand-book of Heat Transfer Applications. Ed. W.M. Rosenhow 1985 Ch. 3 McGraw-Hill New York.
[2] A Dewan, P Mahanta, K SumithraRaju and P Suresh Kumar ,Review of passive heat transfer augmentation techniques, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy218, 2004,509-514.
[3] A. Hasenpur, M.farhadi and K.Sedighi, A Review study on twisted tape inserts on turbulent flow heat exchanger: The overall enhancement ratio criteria, International communication in Heat and Mass Transfer. 55,2014,53-62.
[4] Chou Xin Tan, Wai Loon Mah, Yew Mun Hung and Boon Thong Tan, On the role of inserts in forced convection heat transfer augmentation, International Communication in Heat and Mass Transfer.39 ,2012,1138-1145.
[5] S.Rainieri, F.Bozzoli, G.Pagliarini, Experimental investigation on the convective heat transfer in straight and coiled corrugated tubes for highly viscous fluid : Preliminary results, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 55 (2012) 498-504.

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Heat Transfer Enhancement in Heat Exchanger by using Nano Fluid: a Review
Country : India
Authors : N. N. Bhosale || D. B. Gade || S. Y. Gonda || V. J. Sonawane || A. A. Keste
: 10.9790/1684-17010058993     logo

Abstract: Heat exchangers are playing a vital role in many engineering applications like petrochemical plants , power cycles ,automobile ,building ,electronic sectors etc. To intensify heat transfer with minimum pumping power innovative heat transfer fluids called nanofluid have become the major area of research now a days .Recently stable homogeneous graphene nanoplatelet (GNP) nanofluid is studied for maximum heat transfer rate alongwith different nanofluids. This review paper focuses on previous work comprising performance of heat exchangers using nanofluids experimentally as well as numerically for different flow rates and different volume concentrations.............

Keywords -Heat exchanger, heat transfer, Nano fluid, overall heat transfer coefficient

[1] J. Albadr , S. Tayal , M. Alasadi, Heat transfer through heat exchanger using Al2O3 nanofluid at different concentrations, Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, 1(1), 2013, 38–44
[2] B. Farajollahi, S.Gh. Etemad , M. Hojjat , Heat transfer of nanofluids in a shell and tube heat exchanger, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 53(1-3),2010, 12–17
[3] A. K. Tiwari , P. Ghosh , Jahar Sarkar, Particle concentration levels of various nanofluids in plate heat exchanger for best performance" International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 89,2015, 1110– 1118
[4] Wael M. El-Maghlany , A. A. Hanafy , A. A. Hassan , M.A. El-Magid, Experimental study of Cu– water nanofluid heat transfer and pressure drop in a horizontal double-tube heat exchanger, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 78, 2016, 100–111
[5] Y. Vermahmoudi, S.M. Peyghambarzadeh, S.H. Hashemabadi, M. Naraki , Experimental investigation on heat transfer performance of Fe2O3/water nanofluid in an air-finned heat exchanger, European Journal of Mechanics B/Fluids ,44, 2014, 32–41

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