IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science (IOSR-JHSS)

Volume 18- Issue 3

Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Relationship between Risk Taking Behaviour, Personality and Sensation Seeking Tendencies among N.C.C cadets
Country : India
Authors : Nidhi Saxena, Dr. Prerna Puri
: 10.9790/0837-1830106      logo

Abstract: Risk is taken out of sensation seeking and due to personality traits by youths, especially by those who are inclined towards defence services. To find the actuality, the study was conducted keeping the age factor in consideration, especially to know negative risk, if any. The study is conducted on 100 boys and girls in total, of Ist year and IInd year belonging to urban domicile. A survey of public and private college students (aged 16-19) reveals that there is significant relation between personality and sensation seeking. In addition risk-taking is not found to be correlated to personality and sensation seeking.

[1] F. Reber, A dictionary of psychology (London: Penguin, 1989).

[2] G.J. Wilde, and P.A. Murdock, P. A, Incentive systems for accident-free driving in the general population, Ergonomics, 25, 1982, 879-890. Retrieved from http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Adolescent+perceptions+of+their+risk-taking+behavior.-a016423342


Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : A Historical Discourse on Tithing and Seed Sowing in some Nigerian Pentecostal Churches
Country : Nigeria
Authors : Rimamsikwe Habila Kitause, Hilary Chukwuka Achunike
: 10.9790/0837-1830719      logo

Abstract: Nigerian Pentecostal theology of prosperity has always been built around Tithing, Offering and Seed sowing with the attendant spill over effect on the mainline churches becoming more captivated in the practice. Even within the Pentecostal circles, the neo Pentecostals are steadily exerting a great deal of influence on the classical Pentecostals by enticing some of them to start preaching prosperity in the manner that the neo Pentecostals do. This article employs oral interview as well as phenomenological and expository approaches in its studies. It is discovered that prosperity preaching is currently becoming an important religious phenomenon in the Nigerian religious landscape leading to the skyrocketing of prosperity churches in contemporary Nigeria. The article submits that it is high time those who preach prosperity in Nigeria maintained a balance between their prosperity emphasis and salvation messages for the sake of people's souls.

Keywords: Offering, Prosperity, Pentecostal, Seed sowing, Tithing

[1]. Ibenwa, C.N. (2012). "The Church and Tithe in the Contemporary Society" in International Journal of Christian Theological Research, Vol. 2, No. 1.pp. 12-23
[2]. Achunike, H.C. (2007). "Prosperity preaching in the Nigerian Religious Space" in Nigerian Journal of Social Sciences (NJSS) Vol.4, No.1, pp. 83-96.
[3]. Nnamani, A.G. (2007), "The Ambivalent Impact of Pentecostalism on Enculturation" in Nnamani, A.G. (ed.). The New Religious Movements: Pentecostalism in perspective, Benin City: Ava Publishers, pp. 234-251.
[4]. Watkins, M.G. & Watkins, L. I. (ed.), (1992), All Nations English Dictionary. Katunayake, Sri Lanka: New Life Literature (PVt) Ltd.
[5]. Inyama, T. (2003). Principles of Financial Prosperity, An unpublished study Notes, Pilgrims Theological Seminary, Lagos, Taraba Study Centre.


Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : The Impact of Physical Facilities on Quality of Primary Education in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa as Perceived by Teachers
Country : Pakistan
Authors : Sayyed Farooq Shah, Irfan Ullah khan, Dilfaraz khan, Muhammad Faheem khan
: 10.9790/0837-1832024      logo

Abstract: Education plays an illuminative role in the development of a country. It is widely acknowledged that quality education is the single most important instrument in enhancing human capabilities and achieving the desired goals. The major purpose of the study was to check out the quality of Primary education in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. All the head teachers and teachers of the Primary schools of Southern Districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa were the population of the study. The sample of the study was consisted of 100 head teachers (50 male and 50 female) and 300 teachers (one hundred & fifty male and one hundred & fifty female). The study was survey type in nature.

[1] Mirza, M. (2003). Quality of primary education in Pakistan a research study, 2003
[2] Brown, (1998). The Madrassahs resource centers and their community-based preschool Programme.
[3] UNESCO, (2000). World education forum: Dakar framework for action 2000. Paris: UNESCO
[4] Iqbal, Z. (1996). Teacher training: The Islamic perceptive. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies
[5] Schwartzbeck T.D. (Eds). (2001). Eye of the storm: Promising practices for improving instruction. Washington D.C.: CBE
[6] Cheng, Y. & Cheung, W. (1997). Multi-model of education quality and multi levels of self anagement in schools. Educational
Management and Administration, 25 (4), 26-37.
[7] Adams D. (1993). Defining education quality. In improving educational quality project Publication # 1. Biennial report. Arlington,
V.: Institute for International Research.


Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : The Burgeoning Usage of Neologisms in Contemporary English
Country : India
Authors : Bhagavan Behera, Priyadarshani Mishra
: 10.9790/0837-1832535      logo

Abstract: Change is the law of the nature. Nothing changes like change and today's trendy English language is also predisposed to the same. Every Language is a vivacious observable fact. Even though English has a critical nucleus of words which are elementary to sentence formation and have remained unswerving over centuries, there are also a good number of words which both penetrate and relinquish the language with the efflux of time, a straight mirror image of the obsession of society in any particular epoch. Some new words are momentary, coupled with educational or scientific concepts which become paler in implication and the rest hang about the itinerary, more often than not for the reason that they symbolize concepts which have developed into enduring attributes of civilization.

1. Hammer, Patrick, Tanja Hammer, Matthias Knoop, Julius Mittenzwei, Georg Steinbach u. Michael Teltscher ―Neologism in the Lexical System of Modern English: On the Mass Media Material‖ Levchenko (2010), GRIN Verlag GbR. p. 11. ISBN 3640637313 2. Jump up^ Oxford English Dictionary, draft revision Dec, 2009, s.v.
3. http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~kemmer/Words04/neologisms/c.html
4. http://grammar.about.com/od/c/g/conversterm.htm
5. http://dessydys.blogspot.in/2011/10/translating-neologisms.html



Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : North –East, 'The Power House of India': Prospects and Problems
Country : India
Authors : Pranab Kr. Das
: 10.9790/0837-1833648      logo

Abstract: North – Eastern region of India is one of the potential Hydro-Power regions of the country. This region consists of eight states; Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Mizoram, Manipur and Sikkim. India's vision to be a Developed Nation within 2020 (Vision 2020) is very much depended on uninterrupted supply of power and the North-Eastern region would play a vital role on it. North Eastern Region is enriched with huge water resources carried by the Brahmaputra-Barak and Irrawaddy river systems. The surface water resource of the region is near about 652.3 billion cubic meters that shares 34% of country's total water wealth whereas this entire region occupy only 8% of Indian land mass. Hydro potential of this region is 63257M.W, only 1911 megawatts has been harnessed so far which is only 3.02 % of its' hydro potential. Harnessing this huge hydro potential, North-East could become, 'The Power House of India'. This paper explores the history & growth of hydro power projects, present scenario of power generation, consumption and distribution patterns of the North-East India with highlighting the prospects and problems. Keywords: Brahmaputra-Barak River system, Ecological Issues, Hydro Potential, North-East India, Water Dispute,

[1]. Das Partha J. Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM): A Northeast Indian Perspective,2005
[2]. http://databank.nedfi.com/content/north-east-india
[3]. Nandy, D.R. and Dasgupta, Sujit (1991): Seismotectonic Domains of Northeastern India andAdjacent Areas. In Geology and Geodynamic Evolution of the Himalayan Collision Zone, Part 2(editor: K.K. Sharma). Physics and Chemistry of the Earth. Vol. 18, No. I- II
[4]. India A Regional Geography, National Geographical Society of India, Varanasi, 2008 (Reprinted), Edited by Sing R.L
[5]. Assam faces hottest summer- Scanty rainfall, global warming set to scorch state: The Telegraph, March 24, 2010



Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Analysis of Performance Appraisal System of the Nigerian Public Sector Organizations
Country : Nigeria
Authors : Akpanim Ntekim Ekpe, Ekong E. Daniel, Martha A. Ekpe
: 10.9790/0837-1834954      logo

Abstract: One of the human resource management problems which engulfed the public sector organizations in Nigeria was the absence of effective performance appraisal system. Subjective method of staff appraisal hitherto used in the Nigerian public sector emphasized only personal traits such as; drive, honesty, initiative, foresight, loyalty, industry and courage. This method posed human resource management problems, in the areas of promotion, wage increase, selection for training and retraining, job description and placement. As a result, the Nigerian public sector was rendered inefficient and ineffective thus hindering the progress of this important sector of the Nigerian system. However, in 1988 the Civil Service Reform prompted the introduction of target setting and performance appraisal system in the public sector organizations, which was based on "objective assessment, subject to measurable job performance and demonstration of professional competence with effective rewards and sanctions.

[1]. Anderson, G. (1980). Performance Appraisal: Theory and Practice. USA: Rerton.
[2]. Armstrong, M (2005). A Handbook of Human Resources Management Practice, 9th Edition. London: Combram Printers Ltd.
[3]. Balogun, M. (1964). Public Administration in Nigeria: A Development Approach, London: The Macmillan Ltd.
[4]. Decker, T. (1964). The Multidimensional view of Government and Theory of Research Action: A Comparative Evaluation. Journal of Management, 21 (4): 617 – 638.



Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Loopholes in Judicial System – Paves way to Violence against Women
Country : India
Authors : Dr. Kamalaveni, Dr. Rupa Gunaseelan
: 10.9790/0837-1835556      logo

Abstract: Crimes against women have been increasing in recent days. The deep rooted patriarchal system of the society, gender discrimination, illiteracy, increased use of drugs, alcoholism, etc are some of the factors. The PNDT Act 1994 was put forth to protect the varied interest of women. Though this law gives many explanations to protect the female fetus, the loopholes in the judicial system allow many hospitals to reveal the sex of the fetus which in turn has lead to the increase of abortion in recent days. Similarly the delay in verdict of cases has led to fear among people. Therefore care should be taken to reduce the time in giving the judgment. Hence the present study traces few loopholes in the system.

Key Words: loopholes, crimes, PNDT Act, domestic violence,

[1]. Kaushik P.D (2007)-, "Women Rights"Access to Justice published by Bookwell in collaboration with Rajiv Gandhi institute for contemporary Studies, New Delhi pp181-194.
[2]. "Introduction". Consortium on National Consensus for Medical Abortion in India. www.aiims.edu
[3]. "Current Status of abortion in India" Consortium on National Consensus for Medical Abortion in India. Retrieved 2008-10-11.



Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Gender Equity and Power of Woman in India
Country : India
Authors : Sharayu Potnis
: 10.9790/0837-1835760      logo

Abstract: The idea of 'gender equity' in India is since Vedic age. Both man and woman are considered as an integral part of the society. The paper mentions how woman is powerful whether she belonged to Vedic age, medieval age or Modern age. She has proved her intellect and dignity in every age. Here her greatness lies because she never blamed men and patriarchal society alone for her agony and suppression. She has realized 'Life-force' that flows in her. India is one of the early countries in the world to give women the right to vote. India has more goddesses than any other religion. We find powerful women even in medieval age which is considered as 'the dark age' by European countries where women were like domesticated pets caged in the house. India has witnessed the 'energy' of woman in every part of country. We have dancers, poetesses, wives helping in administration of husbands, saints etc.

[1]. Menon.L, "Women in India and abroad" in Women of India edited by T.A.Baig, Delhi, publications Division, 1958.
[2]. Mitra, D.N. "A Hindu Wife", Ame.Jou.Soc. V.52, No 3, Nov 1946
[3]. Mody S.N. and Mhatre, S. "Slum women of Bombay" in Indian Women edited by D.Jain New Delhi, Publications division, 1975.
[4]. Narayan,V. "Women in India gifted with equal capacities and opportunities", Soc, wel, V 21 no7, Oct 1974.
[5]. Narula V. "Indian woman in changing society" Soc, Wel. V.14, No4, July 1967.
[6]. Nischal, K. "Rural women. Their rights, status and problems" Soc.Wel V 21, No11 Feb 1975
[7]. Knapp, Stephen. "Vedic Culture: the difference it can make in your life", 2006



Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Level of Agriculture and Rural Development in Aligarh District, Uttar Pradesh (INDIA): A Block Level Analysis
Country : India
Authors : Babu Ali
: 10.9790/0837-1836167      logo

Abstract: This paper is the study of Agricultural Level of Aligarh District. Agriculture in Aligarh District is not very well developed, because it is depend on Monsoon Season which is not fair in the Western Uttar Pradesh, Aligarh is part of it and also near to the boundary of Rajasthan, where rainfall is very short. The rainfall in the district is found about 100-156 c.m., which very short for agricultural development. And in other hand, it is found in few hands of the Zamindar and the poor persons of the district who are achieving their livelihood only, lacking behind the development, because they have not more land for agriculture and work as a labourer in the field.

[1]. Census of India, Uttar Pradesh (1966), General Report, Vol. XV, Part I-A (I), New Delhi.
[2]. District Statistical Handbook, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh Government, 2001.
[3]. Kendrew, W.G. (1961), "The Climate of Continent", Oxford.
[4]. Suchana and Jansampark Vibhag, Aligarh.
[5]. Ministry of Finance (2011), "Economic Survey 2011–12", available at: http://indiabudget.nic. in/budget2011-2012/survey.asp (Accessed 1 April 2012).



Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : The Need to Make Nigerian Public Enterprises Work
Country : India
Authors : Anyadike Nkechi
: 10.9790/0837-1836875      logo

Abstract: Expectations for efficient Nigerian public enterprises have usually and variously been dashed. The reasons are understandable especially judging from the perspective that public enterprises, everywhere has no stimulus to efficiency. This is because the public enterprises have no regard for the community as they are constantly losing money and having to be subsidized by taxation and are subject to constant political interference and reversal of policies. But the need to have the public enterprises operate in the interest of the public; accountable through the responsible minister and the community; financially self-supporting and free from political interference is great because of its potency to reverse the poverty level of the people by first reducing unemployment and then ensuring national development by averting the erstwhile wasted resources invested in the Nigerian public enterprises. Thus, this paper seeks to identify how to make the Nigerian public enterprises work.

Keywords: Public Enterprises, Management Problems, Inefficiency, privatization, commercialization

[1]. Aboyade, O (1974) "Nigerian Public Enterprises as an Organizational Dilemma" in Public Enterprises in Nigeria. Proceedings of the 1973 Annual Conference of the Nigerian Economic Society.
[2]. Adamoluekun, L. (2002), Public Administration in Africa. Ibadan: Polygraphics Ventures Limited.
[3]. Adeyemo, D.O. and Salami, A. (2008) "A review of Privatization and Public Enterprises Reform in Nigeria", Contemporary Management Research pp. 401-418, 4, No 4.



Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : The effect of foreign retailers on Chinese retailers: A survey of Wal-Mart in China
Country : Indonesia
Authors : Li Ke JIE, Yang Da, Suresh Kumah
: 10.9790/0837-1837682      logo

Abstract: As China's joining into WTO and the entirely open of China's retail industry, foreign retailing develops into multi- industry scale. In Chinese market, on the hand, their advanced marketing management promotes the management of China's retailing; on the other hand, their obvious price advantage, strong procurement and logistics distribution systems and advanced management level causes great impact on China's retailing.

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[5]. Li, l. (2011, 5 6). xianzaishangye. Retrieved 10 12, 2013, from http://wuxizazhi.cnki.net/Search/XDBY200814004.html



Paper Type : Research Paper
Title : Factors that influence the success of women entrepreneur in China: a survey of women entrepreneurs in Beijing
Country : Indonesia
Authors : Zhouqiaoqin, Xie ying ying, Zhang Lu, Suresh Kumah
: 10.9790/0837-1838391      logo

Abstract: This article discussion about the facts that influence the success of women entrepreneurs in china. We do a survey of women entrepreneurs who have their own business in Beijing. This research used quantitative research methodology. We through IBM SPSS Statistics 20 to test the validity of questionnaire. From the results, we get that human capital, women characteristics, and motivation has a significant influence in the success of women entrepreneurs; family background has a less significant influence in the success of women entrepreneurs.

[1]. Fan J.Y. (2011), 100 Chinese famous women entrepreneurs, P56.
[2]. Huang L.X. & Peng Y.,(2012). Current status of Chinese women entrepreneurs, Pt,3.
[3]. Li M.S. & Zhang B, (2009), the influence in women entrepreneurship after China accession to WTO. P 5
[4]. Ma J. (2012). Motivation for women entrepreneurship
[5]. Niu G.G & Huang B.D. (2011), Chinese women. Pt, 4
[6]. Poornima, M.C, (2005). Women entrepreneurship: development and small business enterprises.
[7]. Sun C.H.(2012). Women characteristic influence the women entrepreneurship. P186.
[8]. You Q.L.(2012). Ability that women entrepreneurs need.
[9]. Wang H. & Qiao H.L, (2013), Women Characteristics
[10]. Zhang K.L (2012), Difference of Chinese entrepreneurs between man and women, P 197-199.