Series-1 (Jan-Feb-2019)Jan-Feb-2019 Issue Statistics
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|Paper Type||:||Research Paper|
|Title||:||Morphological and Physico-Chemical Properties of Soils Formed from Diverse Parent Materials in Cross River State, Nigeria|
|Authors||:||P.O Abam || O.A.Orji|
Abstract: Morphological features and Physico-Chemical Properties of twenty surface soils derived from five varied parent materials in Cross Rivers Sate, Nigeria were evaluated in relation to probable constraints to increase crop yields. Four replicate soil samples were collected from the top 15cm depth of each parent material for laboratory analyses using standard methods. Results showed that the colour notations, structure and texture of the soils were similar within Same Parent materials but varied widely across the locations. The particle size distribution showed that shale derived soils are finer in texture than those of other parent materials. Chemically, the soils are low in Plant........
Keywords : morphology, physico-chemical Properties, soils, plant materials.
. Adeoye, G.O. and Agboola, A.A (1985). Critical levels for soil pH available P, K, Zn and Mn and maize ear-leaf content of P, Cu, and Mn in sedimentary soils of southwestern Nigeria. Fertilizer Research. 6 (I) 65 – 71.
. Anderson, J. M. and Ingram, J. S. L (1993). Tropical Soil Biology and Fertility; A Handbook of Method of Analysis International Wallingford, UK, 38 – 39.
. Amalu U.C. (1998) Evaluation of Properties of Selected Soils of Cross River Area and Their Management for Increased Cassava Yields. Global Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences Vol. 4, No.3. 243-249.
. Akamigbo, F.O.R. and Asadu, C.L.A., 1983. Influence of parent materials on soils of southeastern Nigeria. East African Forestry Journal, 48:81-91.
. Amalu, U. C. (2016) Properties and Fertility status of Soils supporting Pineapple (Ananascomosus L. [Merr.] in select – Communities of Cross River State, South – East Nigeria. Nigeria Journal of Crop Science. Volume 3 Number 1: 78 – 91.s
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Abstract: Organic matter occurrence in the soilcauses many problems for the engineering projects. In this study, seventeen locations have been chosen from Basrah soils with sampling frequency one sample per meter. For the experimental tests, Grain-size, Atterberg limits, and organic matter tests were performed on all the samples to evaluate the spatial distribution of the organic matter at selected areas in Basrah governorate. The results show that 62.3% of samples are classified as low plasticity clayey silt (CL), 27% as low plasticity silty clay (ML) and low plasticity organic soils ........
Keywords : Organic matter, Basrah soils, classification of soils.Geotechnical properties
. AL-Abaychi, J. K. (1995). Trace Elements Distribution and Sedimentation Rate in Al-Hammar Lake, Southern Iraq. Marina Mesopotamica, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp.379–392.
. ASTM Standard D 421 – 85 (Reapproved 2002), Standard Practice for Dry Preparation of Soil Samples for Particle-Size Analysis and Determination of Soil Constants.
. ASTM Standard D 422 – 63 (Reapproved 1998), Standard Test Method for Particle-Size Analysis of Soils.
. ASTM Standard D 4318, 2005, Standard Test Methods for Liquid Limit, Plastic Limit, and Plasticity Index of Soils, Vol. 04.08. . BS 1377: Part 3: 1990. British Standard Methods of Test for Soils for Civil Engineering Purposes, British Standards Institution, London. Incorporating Amendment No.1.
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Abstract: The precipitation of atmospheric water vapour to the liquid or solid phase is accountable for clouds, rainfall and snow, which plays important role in climate and climate change. The energy released during vapor condensation affects the dynamics of the atmosphere. Through this interaction, the vertical stability of the atmosphere is modified, influencing the weather systems and their associated precipitation patterns. In this paper, we derived the total water vapour content in atmosphere using radiosonde observation over the Chennai radiosonde station (VOMM) for 44 years (1974-2017). The paper also highlights the statistical analysis of total water vapour content. The trend of total water vapour content in atmosphere is useful to understand the climate and its change in atmospheric conditions............
. Bevis M, Businger S, Chiswell S, et al (1994) GPS Meteorology: Mapping Zenith Wet Delays onto Precipitable Water. J Appl
Meteorol. doi: 10.1175/1520-0450(1994)033<0379:GMMZWD>2.0.CO;2
. Bevis M, Businger S, Herring TA, et al (1992) GPS meteorology: Remote sensing of atmospheric water vapor using the global
positioning system. J Geophys Res. doi: 10.1029/92JD01517
. Kumar LS, Yuan F, Lee YH (2015) Comparison of precipitable water vapor derived from GPS and radiosonde data for Singapore.
ISAP 2014 - 2014 Int Symp Antennas Propagation, Conf Proc 437–438. doi: 10.1109/ISANP.2014.7026715
. Lossow S (2008) Observations of water vapour in the middle atmosphere
. Nilsson T, Elgered G (2008) Long-term trends in the atmospheric water vapor content estimated from ground-based GPS data
Long-term trends in the atmospheric water vapor content estimated from ground-based GPS data. doi: 10.1029/2008JD010110.
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Abstract: This work was carried out to investigate the groundwater potentials of Lafia and environs using lineaments analysis. It studied the relationship between the characteristics and occurrence of groundwater in aquifers ranging from 50m-150m depth in the varying sedimentary rocks of the area by examining the possibility of groundwater occurrence in the different sedimentary rocks, despite the general understanding that shales are less porous and permeable. It shows the use of LANDSAT ETM+ imagery and geological map to investigate areas favourable for groundwater development........
Keywords: Lineaments, groundwater, aquifer, fractures, porous, permeable.
. Andi A. N., Gumilar U. N. and Pulung A. P., 2017. Interpretation of Groundwater Potential Zones Based on Lineament Pattern Data Analysis in Ambon Island, Moluccas Province, Indonesia, International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, Volume 12, Number 17 Pp. 6941-6945.
. Maged M. and Mazlan H., 2010. Lineament Mapping Using Multispectral Remote Sensing Satellite Data, International Journal of the Physical Sciences Vol. 5(10), pp. 1501-1507, 4 September, 2010.
. Abdullah, A., Akhir, J.M. and Abdullah, I., 2010. The Extraction of Lineaments Using Slope Image Derived from Digital Elevation Model: Case Study: Sungai Lembing-Maran area, Malaysia. Journal of Applied Sciences Research 6 (11): 1745-1751.
. Abdullah, A., Akhir, J.M. and Abdullah, I. (2010). Automatic Mapping of Lineaments Using Shaded Relief Images Derived from Digital Elevation Model (DEMs) in the Maran-Sungai Lembing Area, Malaysia. Electronic Journal of Geotechnical Engineering 15(J): 949-957.
. Rochidi C., Samir B., Herwig P. and Janauschek W., 2012. Lineament Analysis of South Jenein Area (Southern Tunisia) Using Remote Sensin Data and Geographic Information System..
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Abstract: Natural hazards affect the progress towards sustainable development. Increasing effects ofnatural hazards viz. earthquakes, tsunamis, floods, landslides around the world has a directsocial, economic and environmental impact. The people living in the coastal areas of thetropics are exposed to various types of natural hazards of which the most devastating onesinclude high energy events such as earthquakes and tsunamis. The lithosphere of the Earth iscomposed of seven major and minor tectonic plates colliding, subducting or rifting apart withrespect to one another. This phenomenon has resulted in several tectonic plate boundariesaround the globe. The plate boundaries marked by subduction zones have produced numerousmega-earthquakes and associated transoceanic tsunamis. In the domain of the Indian sub-continent, the ongoing collision between the Indian plate and the Eurasian plate has resulted in the formation of......
Keywords: Modeling, Indian Ocean Tsunami, Andaman, Tsunami Height, Tsunami Directivity
. Bilham R, Engdahl ER, Fedl N,Satyabala SP (2005) Partial and Complete Rupture of the Indo-Andaman Plate Boundary 1847-2004. Seismol Res Lett 76:299-311. Doi 10.1785/gssrl.76.3.299
. Briggs RW, Sieh K, Meltznr AJ, Natawidjaja D, Galetzka J, Suwargadi B, Hsu Y, Simons M, Hananto N, Suprihanto I, Prayudi D, Avouac J, Prawirodirdjo L, Bock Y (2006) Deformation and Slip Along the Sunda Megathrust in the Great 2005 Nias-Simeulue. Science 311:1897–1901. doi: 10.1126/science.1122602
. Choi BH, Hong SJ, Pelinovsky E (2006) Distribution of runup heights of the December 26, 2004 tsunami in the Indian Ocean. Geophys Res Lett 33:2–5. doi: 10.1029/2006GL025867
. Cummins PR (2007) The potential for giant tsunamigenic earthquakes in the northern Bay of Bengal. Nature 449:75–78. doi: 10.1038/nature06088
. Curray JR (2005) Tectonics and history of the Andaman Sea region. J Asian Earth Sci 25:187–232. doi: 10.1016/j.jseaes.2004.09.001..
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|Paper Type||:||Research Paper|
|Title||:||Investigation of Subsurface and Groundwater State at Ongur River Sub –Basin, Tamil Nadu, India.|
|Authors||:||K.Vinodh || B.Gowtham|
Abstract: The electrical resistivity method is extremely useful to investigate the nature of subsurface formations by studying the variations in their electrical properties. This method assumed considerable importance in subsurface exploration because of very good resistivity contrasts among the lithological units, controlled depth of investigation, ease of field operations and low cost of instrumentation and operation. The Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) method by Schlumberger electrode array applied in 77 Locations at Ongur River Sub Basin in Tamil Nadu, India. The Signal stacking Resistivity Meter Model SSR-MP-ATS was used to collect the VES data by employed a Schlumberger electrode configuration, with one side current electrode spacing (AB/2) ranging from 1 to 100 m and the potential electrode......
Keywords: VES, Signal stacking Resistivity Meter, SSR-MP-ATS, Schlumberger electrode, Geo-electrical layers, ARCGIS.
. Alile, M.O., S.I. Jegede and O.M. Ehigiator, (2008): Underground water exploration using electrical resistivity method in Edo State, Nigeria. Asian J. Earth Sci., 1: 38-42.
. Arulprakasam. V. 2009, Report on Spot Electrical Sounding Survey in parts of Vanur block of Villupuram District, Tamilnadu. CGWB, SECR, Unpublished Report.
. Gopinath. V.S.T, Vinodh. K, Gowtham. B and Arulprakasam. V (2015) Geoelectrical Characterization Of Substrata By Using Geoelectrical Imaging Technique In Ongur River Sub Basin, Tamilnadu, India, International Journal of Scientific Engineering and Applied Science (IJSEAS) - Volume-1, Issue-6, pp 451 – 457.
. Olasehinde, P.I., (1999): An integrated geological and geophysical exploration for groundwater in the basement complex of west central Nigeria. Water Resourses, 10: 46- 49.
. Olorunfemi, M.O and S.A. Fasoyi, (1993): Aquifer types and the geoelectric/hydro geologic Characteristic of part the central basement terrain, Niger State. J. Afr. Earth Sci., 16: 309- 317..
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|Paper Type||:||Research Paper|
|Title||:||Rock Types and Alteration Mineralogy Occurring In Olkaria Geothermal Field, Kenya|
|Authors||:||Monicah Kimonda Kibet || Paul K. Sang Magut || Jacques Varet|
Abstract: Olkaria Geothermal Field is a high temperature geothermal system; the system is characterized by Quaternary volcanic centers in the central Kenya Rift Valley. The surface geology of Olkaria Geothermal Field is mainly dominated by commenditic lavas and pyroclastic. The subsurface geology is mainly characterized by basalt, tuffs, rhyolite, trachyte and intrusion. The aim of this study was to describe the lithology and alteration mineralogy of OW 924A, OW 923A, 917A, OW917A, OW914B, OW731C, OW710C and OW39B wells.The lithology and alteration mineralogy in geothermal system is used to solve the following; 1) Trachyte formation.......
. Clarke, Woodhall, Allen, & Darling. (1990). Geological, volcanological and hydrogeological controls of the occurrence of geothermal activity in the area surrounding Lake Naivasha, Kenya. Kenya: Ministry of Energy report,. Kenya.
. Lagat, J. (2009). Hydrothermal alteration mineralogy in geothermal fields with case examples from Olkaria domes Geothermal Field, Kenya. Paper presented at the Short course IV on exploration for Geothermal Resources, Lake Naivasha, Kenya
. Macdonald, R., & Scaillet, B. (2006). The cetral Kenya Peralkaline province: insights into the evolution of peralkaline salic magmas. Petrology, P. 59 - 73.
. Mariita, N. (2009). Exploration history of Olkaria geothermal field by use of geophysics: UNU GTP.
. Marshall, Macdonald, Rogers, Fitton, Tindle, Nejbert, & ., K. (2009). Fractionation of peralkaline silicic magmas: The Greater Olkaria volcanic complex, Kenya Rift valley. J. Petrolium, 50, 323 - 359.